|Early warriors who stood as a bulwark against Islam (1099)
(translated: Order of the Hospitalier Knights of Saint
John and the Knights of the Holy Sepulcher)
Islam has been trying to conquer Europe since the 700’s. Christian Europe stood as a bulwark to those ambitions, but Europe isn’t Christian anymore and they welcome Islamic people as guest workers. Nowhere is that more in evidence than in Germany. ISIL is making noise about their ambition to give it one more try. (read here) The story was carried by CNN, but watered down, as one would expect. CNN wouldn’t want to appear Islamophobic.
No, we will conquer Europe one day. It is not a question of if we will conquer Europe, just a matter of when that will happen. But it is certain. … For us, there is no such thing as borders. There are only front lines,” the spokesman, identified only as a German ISIS fighter, told journalist Juergen Todenhoefer in an article for CNN.
“Our expansion will be perpetual. … And the Europeans need to know that when we come, it will not be in a nice way. It will be with our weapons. And those who do not convert to Islam or pay the Islamic tax will be killed.”
Convert or die is a well-worn refrain from Islam.
Context and Precedence: (a history lesson)
In the modern era, Matthew Bennett and his co-authors of Fighting Techniques of the Medieval World, published in 2005, argue that “few battles are remembered 1,000 years after they are fought … but the Battle of Poitiers, (Tours) is an exception … Charles Martel turned back a Muslim raid that, had it been allowed to continue, might have conquered Gaul.” Michael Grant, author of History of Rome, grants the Battle of Tours such importance that he lists it in the macrohistorical dates of the Roman era.
The Caliphate believed it would take a generation, but Martel managed it in five years. Prepared to face the Frankish phalanx, the Muslims were totally unprepared to face a mixed force of heavy cavalry and infantry in a phalanx.
This list is intended to be comprehensive. The orders are listed chronologically according to their dates of foundation and extinction (in parentheses), which are sometimes approximate, and may in significance vary from case to case, the foundation of an order, its ecclesiastical approval, and its militarisation occurring at times on different dates. (Wikipedia)
Knights Hospitaller (1099, today known as Sovereign Military Order of Malta)
Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem (Awarded as an honorific to prominent pilgrims by the Franciscan Custos of the Holy Sepulchre from the 14th century onwards and established formally as an Order by the Pope in the 19th century)
Knights Templar (c. 1118-1312)
Order of Saint Lazarus (c. 1123, disputed legacy)
Order of Aviz (1128, secularized in 1789)
Order of Saint Michael of the Wing (1147, disappeared early in the 18th century, restored in 1828 (disputed legacy))
Order of Calatrava (1158)
Order of Aubrac (1162, disappeared late in the 18th century)
Order of Santiago (1170)
Order of Alcántara (1177)Order of Mountjoy (c. 1180-1221, merged into the Order of Calatrava)
Teutonic Knights (1190, converted to a purely religious order since 1929)
Hospitallers of Saint Thomas of Canterbury at Acre (1191-1538)
Order of Monfragüe (1196-1221, merged into the Order of Calatrava)
Order of Sant Jordi d’Alfama (1201 – early 15th century, merged into the Order of Montesa)
Livonian Brothers of the Sword (1202-1236, then merged into the Teutonic Order as the Order of Livonia, disbanded 1561)
Order of Dobrzyń (1216, disappeared mid-13th century)
Order of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mercy (1218 – Converted to a Clerical Order in 1398 with Knights readmitted in 1926 and reaffirmed in 2002)
Militia of the Faith of Jesus Christ (1221-1285, merged into the Third Order of Saint Dominic)
Order of the Faith and Peace (1231-1273)
Militia of Jesus Christ (1233, disappeared mid-13th century)
Order of the Blessed Virgin Mary (1261-1556)
Order of Santa María de España (1270-1280, merged into the Order of Santiago)
Order of Montesa (1317)
Order of the Knights of Our Lord Jesus Christ (1318, secularized 1789)
Order of the Dragon (1408, disappeared late 15th century)
Order of Saint Maurice (1434-1572, merged into the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus))
Order of Our Lady of Bethlehem (1459-1460)
Order of Saint George of Carinthia (1469-1732)
Order of Saint George of Parma (before 1522)
Order of Saint Stephen Pope and Martyr (1561)