Judging from the record of the past interglacial ages, the present time of high temperatures should be drawing to an end, to be followed by a long period of considerably colder temperatures leading into the next glacial age some 20,000 years from now,” I say that we should prepare now so that we’re ready. Use only gas stoves to get us headed in the right direction.


 From the Mail Bag 

Q – Since the US Marine Corps and the Army Ranger Regiment are both light infantry formations, do they have a lot in common?

A – I’ve never served in either, so I can only offer an impression from having been around/worked with both. The Marine Corps is a mainly infantry force that is a subset of the US Navy. At present, they’re trying to return to their roots as an Expeditionary force (having given up their tanks, etc.). All of the USMC is a service within a service. Excluding MARSOC and a few elements, Marines live a largely normal military life, and they retire at the conclusion of their term of service.

The Ranger Regiment is a smaller unit within the US Army. Ranger training is intense and their operating tempo is intense. They are not someplace soldiers spend thirty years. The lifestyle of the Ranger Regiment is even more cultish than the USMC, and weekends to yourself are few and far between. They don’t have a dedicated amphibious mission the way that the Marines do.

So no, not much in common at all.



The SSGN Program Office refueled and converted four SSBNs into SSGNs in a little more than five years at a significantly lower cost and less time than building a new platform. USS Ohio (SSGN 726) entered the shipyard on Nov. 15, 2002, completed conversion in December 2005, and deployed for the first time in October 2007. USS Florida (SSGN 728) commenced its refueling and conversion in August 2003 and returned to the fleet in April 2006. USS Michigan (SSGN 727) started its shipyard availability in October 2004 and delivered in November 2006. USS Georgia (SSGN 729) completed conversion in December 2007.

The US Navy likes its cruise missile-firing submarines and intends to convert all of the Ohio Class guided missile submarines into SSGNs (firing cruise missiles) as the new Columbia Class SSBNs come online.

Each SSGN is capable of carrying up to 154 Tomahawk land-attack cruise missiles. The missiles are loaded in seven-shot Multiple-All-Up-Round Canisters (MACs) in up to 22 missile tubes. These missile tubes can also accommodate additional stowage canisters for SOF equipment, food, and other consumables to extend the submarines’ ability to remain forward deployed in support of combatant commanders’ tasking. The missile tubes are also able to accommodate future payloads such as new types of missiles, unmanned aerial vehicles, and unmanned undersea vehicles.

The SSGNs have the capacity to host up to 66 SOF personnel at a time. Additional berthing was installed in the missile compartment to accommodate the added personnel, and other measures have been taken to extend the amount of time that the SOF forces can spend deployed aboard the SSGNs. The two forwardmost missile tubes were permanently converted to lock-out chambers that allow clandestine insertion and retrieval of SOF personnel. Each lock-out chamber can also accommodate a Dry Deck Shelter (DDS), enhancing the SSGNs’ SOF capabilities.


Life Expectancy


 From the Days of Fighting Sail 

Can you lend me some ammunition?

In November 1714, a young Norwegian Master and Commander of the Royal Dano-Norwegian Navy had to face a court martial of a special kind, accused of having betrayed secrets to the enemy.


Peter Jansen Wessel Tordenskiold was just 24 years old when he sailed the Baltic Sea with his ship the Løvendals Gallej, a frigate with 18 guns. He searched for Swedish privateers and, therefore sailed under the Dutch flag for safety reasons when he actually encountered a ship. It was the De Olbing Galley, a frigate of English design with 28 guns. But she was built for the Swedes and should now be brought to Götheborg under Captain Bactmann and an English crew.

Since England and the Netherlands were not at war, Bactmann simply sailed past. But Wessel raised the Danish flag and began to fire. The two fought each other half the day and only took a break at night before continuing the next morning. But after 14 hours of fighting and a heavily damaged ship, Wessel realized that he had no more ammunition. But instead of retreating, Wessel sent a messenger to the British and asked if they could lend him some ammunition, and then they could continue their little duel.

Bactmann, both shocked and amused, refused. Both parted peacefully after they had both raised their glasses and drunk to the other. However, benders limped into their harbors in a very pitiful state.


On guns and cups, shows the moment where Wessel and Bactmann raised their glasses after their fight, by Christian Ferdinand Andreas Mølsted 1925

Wessel was then court-martialed because he had told the enemy how much ammunition was on a frigate of his rank. Wessel denied and told his story to the king, who could not believe what he heard and acquitted him. Wessel was even bold enough to ask for a promotion, which he got. But he did not stay on Earth for a long time because he was killed during a duel on 12 November 1720. He was 30 years old.


 Identify the Aircraft 



hint: The first European-made stealth aircraft.




  1. Life expectancy; Sharyl is the real deal. She’s getting throttled on X according to her. The CDC report she quoted from explains the 3 yr drop. 50% from the plague. Also, the fiscal year ending 3/22 rang the bell for 109,000 drug users. These overdose’s are a subcategory of accidental deaths 8% of 16% of the total. This means 3 yrs taken off the average life expectancy, but many of these lives were ended in their prime. The war on drugs is a slaughter of the expendable deplorables. Pharma’$ the #1 suspect. Accomplices are the 3 letter agencie$ and their cartel partner$. On the street end, I’ve seen the perpetual dependency of the re-hab and recovery culture. For me personally it’s been one of the most devastating, gov sponsored, moral corruptions in America until the trans thing that’s blossomed.

    • The Plague has been blamed for hinky results in clinical trials (of drugs or medical devices) as well. It’s a very convenient “bin” where you can throw stuff that’s awkward for whatever narrative you have a stake in. Or maybe a concealing shroud is more like it. But increasing numbers of people are flipping the shroud back and saying, “that doesn’t make sense.”

      “perpetual dependency of the re-hab and recovery culture.”
      Boy, you said it. I’m on the “support team” of a young (from my perspective) woman trying to get off of various opioids. Personal, not professional engagement. I never had much exposure to street drugs when I was seeing patients (function of specialty and patient demographics — though it can be anyone 😳), and even less so on the rehab side. Anyway, holy smokes. What a mess. And don’t even get me started on the illicit suboxone market. Who knew such a thing even existed. From my limited angle of view the rehab thing is an industry. While individuals working in it may have the best intentions, overall it seems to be about ensuring an eternal revenue stream rather than fixing individual persons. “Human Misery is our business.”

      • The methadone program was a dismal failure from one perspective (that being mine). From another perspective that you cite, it was a rousing success.

      • Perpetual dependency. Mike_C good way to put it. Same goes with homeless shelters. On the one hand it is just the right thing to do to reach out and support people who really need help. On the other hand how many homeless would we have if there was no money in providing support? Probably a lot less than we do now. I am not smart enough to propose a “right” balance just smart enough to realize what we are doing now is exacerbating the problem.

        • Perpetual dependency is spot on….The Dem’s do not want solutions they want exactly what we are witnessing, control by dependency.

  2. Life expectancy- Natural selection is more in play these days as Selfie’ers and GoPro’ers fall/launch themselves off things while recording their next Instagram or Facebook post. Since they are mostly the younger persuasion this skews the trend curve downward. Couple that with young adults not getting married and having children, concentrating the numbers. Then there’s the SARS-CoV-2 /Not-A-Vax culling that occurred at the hands of government, the largest demographic were older, asking them to do something is demanding more hurt.

    Weather- It’s just weather, it will do what it wants when it wants. Your highlighted premise proves that those “predicting” 20k years out based on the prior “interglacial age” is a modern university trained PhD moron with a computer model <written by them, anyone listening to these soothsayer Chicken Little’s is a fool, their prediction track record is abysmal, in fact, 100% wrong. Yet, as you say, We The People should prepare accordingly, which does not mean weakening our grid with asinine wind and solar power charging batteries, instead…Drill, baby, drill!

    • +1 and don’t forget nuclear. A little uranium goes a long way. Many small reactors in a distributed network would add a lot of resilience to the power grid.

      • As has been discussed here many times, that’s the way forward until reliable fusion power comes on board. There are a number of things that need to happen to make cheap power available across a defensible, reliable, distributed grid, and wind power is stupid. There are places where you can argue that solar-powered homes make sense in the interim, but the cells take energy to produce and have a relatively short life. Nuclear power can be used to desalinate seawater and help address the freshwater problem in areas where it’s an issue (southwestern US, for one). Israel has an aggressive and effective desalination program.

        • X2 to you both.

          Wind turbines are failing at a remarkable rate, significantly sooner than their “expected” service life. Solar panels get etched by wind and weather, and their mega-acres of panels require guys driving around in pick ups clearing them from snow and reorienting them to follow the sun, unless they use grid power to motorize the stanchion.

          We can easily provide solutions based on real technology and techniques, thinking we are working towards a common goal. Nope. The corrupt government does not want solutions, they want chaos and a weak infrastructure, otherwise they’d be backing Nuclear/SMR’s to build a robust grid. That’s not their goal.

          • One guy created a solar collector that had two cylinders on each side, with a board outside each one to provide shade. When the sun was in the east the cylinder on the east side was shaded from it while the one on the west would get sunlight and heat up. The pressure would move the array so it pointed to the east, and when both cylinders were receiving equal sunlight the collector array itself was fully facing the sun. As the sun moved across the sky the light/shade driven pressure would keep the array facing the sun. The only outside force required would be moving the array back to facing east at the end of day. I’m sure some engineering could make that automatic as well.

          • Solutions are available, but Industrial Wind and Solar is just folly We The People get to pay for by way of “appropriated subsidies” that have kickback bennies.

    • Drill, baby, drill.
      Ramco Resorces, exploring a coal mine they purchased near Sheridan, Wyoming, decided to drill down coal seams 1,000 feet thick and discovered an estimated $38B rare earth deposits!

      Coal below 200′ isn’t economically worth mining but rare earths are a different matter. However, Wyoming being Wyoming, by the time the infrastructure is built to exploit the find, the economy will collapse under the idiotic burden of solar/save the earth/catalytic converter mandates.

      • I read about the rare Earth deposit find. It’s not unlike the recent lithium and cobalt deposits found in the West. The geologist in me finds this very interesting. As a side note, I thought that I’d never get geology studies to pay, but I’ve landed work because of them. So you never know.

        • I had an interest as a teen and accompanied relatives hunting uranium. Several relatives, past and present, are “rock hounds”. Within the city limits of Steamboat Springs, on Copper Ridge, you can find Thorium. In and around Steamboat are several mineral springs including lithium and sulfur. The county, Routt, has coal seams 5,000′ thick I’ve been told by what were then ‘old timers’. Now I’m an ‘old timer’.

  3. Re those rare earth deposits, it will be a cold day in hell before the econazis allow them to be mined… And yes, the SSGNs are excellent ‘force projection’ 🙂

    • Of course there will be an ice tax unless you want to live a mile under the glacier. If you want to save the hassle, collect funds and just give them to me. I’ll do as much as the government will.


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