Following weeks of RSF offensives across the country, it appears the SAF & allied groups have finally managed to stop the RSF advances & defend the areas they control. That may be illusory because the RSF is still sitting on at least US$9 billion in gold bullion…
The Black Ships ( 黒船, romanized: kurofune, Edo period term) was the name given to Western vessels arriving in Japan in the 16th and 19th centuries.
Commodore Perry’s fleet for his second visit to Japan in 1854 – Engraving from Gleason’s Pictorial Drawing-Room Companion, Boston, May 15, 1852, Volume II, No. 20, page 305
In 1543, the Portuguese initiated the first contact, establishing a trade route linking Goa to Nagasaki. The large carracks engaged in this trade had the hull painted black with pitch, and the term came to represent all Western vessels. In 1639, after suppressing a rebellion blamed on the influence of Christian thought, the ruling Tokugawa shogunate retreated into an isolationist policy, the Sakoku. During this “locked state”, contact with Japan by Westerners was restricted to Dutch traders on Dejima island at Nagasaki.
In 1844, William II of the Netherlands urged Japan to open also the mainland to trade but was rejected. On 8 July 1853, the U.S. Navy sent four warships into the bay at Edo and threatened to attack if Japan did not begin trade with the West. The ships were Mississippi, Plymouth, Saratoga, and Susquehanna of the Expedition for the opening of Japan, under the command of Commodore Matthew Perry. The expedition arrived on 14 July 1853 at Uraga Harbor (present-day Yokosuka) in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. Though their hulls were not black, their coal-fired steam engines belched black smoke.
Their arrival marked the reopening of the country to political dialogue after more than two hundred years of self-imposed isolation. Trade with Western nations followed five years later with the Treaty of Amity and Commerce. After this, the kurofune became a symbol of the end of isolation.
** It is important that President Trump pick a vice-presidential candidate less as a running mate than as a potential successor, not merely because of Trump’s age, but also to discourage Trump’s assassination and – if worse comes to worst – to help Trump’s “America First” movement to survive him.
That Trump is at unusually high risk of assassination seems self-evident. Not since Abraham Lincoln has an American president or major-party presidential candidate been so widely demonized as Donald Trump, who is now vilified by US ruling elites, including the sitting president, members of Congress, academics, and journalists not merely as leading but as being, in person, an existential threat to what they call “our democracy.”
** The single biggest problem with communication is the illusion that it has occurred. – George Bernard Shaw
** There is no “we” in tacos.
** The US Supreme Court didn’t order Texas to do anything or to stop doing anything. Texas is using the window to amass support and expand resources — smart.
** People who elect corrupt politicians are not victims. They are accomplices. – Orwell
** Have you ever noticed that when you’re finished eating, you have to show both sides of your hands to your dog — like a blackjack dealer.
Malta’s Continental Shelf disputes
Effects of grappa….60 percent alcohol by volume.
Identify the Armor
Identify the Aircraft