15″ of second growth hickory. Sometimes referred to as a police baton (British pattern). The one pictured below was presented to the author by the Royal Hong Kong Police in a nice presentation box, but it’s identical to those carried by police throughout the old British empire.
|Royal Hong Kong Police Truncheon|
Police in the US took a different path with various lengths (about twice as long) of police batons, also made of hickory and later aluminum (PR-24) and plastic. Those were generally replaced by the telescoping ASP, also made of metal.
ASP (telescoping steel baton)
PR-24 (the unit pictured – with nomenclature – is constructed of plastic)
PR-24 (Aetco – aluminum)
The PR-24 is so named because it’s twenty-four inches long. I have heard that PR stands for prosecutor, but I don’t know that for a fact.
245 Gonzales Sap
26oz of lead has a flat rounded body; lead shot filled and is covered in black plain leather. Measures, 11 ¼”. The original 245 Gonzales has a leather thong that is threaded through a hole in the laminated leather handle/body of the weapon. The current model available from Tex Shoemaker has a different retention strap. That strap runs parallel with the body of the sap, much like the old beaver tail saps did (see photo below).
Beavertail ‘flat sap’ (above) – usually carried
in the back pocket. 245 Gonzales (below)
187 Gonzales Sap
35 oz of lead, has a flat body; lead shot filled and is covered in plain black leather. Measures 18″.
Powdered shot is sewed into the glove opposite the knuckles. It was used to strengthen a punch in the same way as a roll of dimes or pennies may be used. The disadvantage of using sap gloves comes with the inability to effectively fire a handgun, wield a concussion weapon, operate a taser or even drive a car while wearing them.
Iron Claw (Argus Manufacturing Co.)
The Iron Claw was a pain compliance device that is placed around an individual’s wrist and cinched tighter to encourage them to stop resisting. Sometimes referred to as a ‘come along’. Often used in conjunction with handcuffs.
Yes, if you don’t double-lock handcuffs, they do get tighter, creating the same effect as an Iron Claw. That is the “poor man’s iron claw”. That works too and imparts pain without necessarily breaking the wrist of the detainee.
In the case of the Iron Claw, resistance or pulling away from the officer holding it usually meant that the subject would end up with a broken wrist. I think that it was for that reason that they fell into disuse.