1067 AD, etc.
1066 AD stands out as a momentous year for change in England. Harold defeated the Vikings at Stamford Bridge only to have to rush south and face William and his Normans, Bretons, and Flemish, where he lost his life.
Much has been of William’s victory, of the Papal Bull (and Papal Flag) that declared him to be God’s chosen in the contest, and of the close-run thing that was the battle. William’s combined arms force was anything but a certain victor.
Since an arrow ended Harold’s claim to the throne, much is made of the value of archery at Hastings.
The Bayeux Tapestry is an embroidered cloth nearly 70 meters long and 50 centimeters tall that depicts the events leading up to the Norman conquest of England concerning William, Duke of Normandy, and Harold, Earl of Wessex, later King of England, and culminating in the Battle of Hastings.
The winners write the books.
What happened to the Saxons after they lost? Many of the Saxon combatants weren’t going anywhere, after the Battle at Senlac, otherwise known as the Battle of Hastings — many were dead. But the survivors fled, and of course, not all of the Saxon lords were part of the battle and the slaughter that followed it.
Some fled to Ireland, others to Europe (to Saxony). It wasn’t easy to leave a place where most of your wealth was held in land and structures.
A group, known as the Sons of Harold, who weren’t actually sons or brothers of Harold Godwinson — his spiritual sons and supporters launched a seaborne attack but it fizzled in the Bristol Channel area, off the southeastern corner of Wales, or along the coast of Somerset or North Devon. The weather gods did not favor.
A rebellion centered on Exeter was successfully put down by William’s forces — which by that time involved a good many Englishmen (the original invasion force was only about 3,000 men).
William was totally ruthless in suppressing any opposition (the extreme example of this was the Harrying, or Harrowing, of the North) Many of the surviving Saxon lords took a look at the way the weather ran and came to a recognition that they could accept him as their King, or die.
East Anglia, which in those days was largely flooded, marshy, undrained fenland mounted an insurrection or rebellion centered on the Island of Ely, which really was an island then, even though it’s a long way from the coast. The Saxon Abbot of Ely had long been regarded by William as troublesome and uncooperative, and he was largely superseded by a new Norman abbot in Peterborough. History records. that the Saxon cannon didn’t recognize the Papal Bull.
The fens around Ely were perfect guerrilla warfare country, and the local rebels were led by a dispossessed Lincolnshire squire from Bourne, called Hereward. Suppressing Hereward’s uprising posed a considerable problem for William, and took both time and major ingenuity, as his forces needed to attack from the seaward side. You can see something of the geographical problem from this map:
“The Deeds of Hereward,” by Michael Swanton, is one account of that uprising. Swanton drew most of his material from a 13th Century Latin manuscript, now in the Library of Cambridge University, which belonged to one Robert de Swaffham, at Peterborough Abbey.
That account was, in turn, a copy of an earlier work by a 12th Century monk who wrote of Hereward. William attacked Ely eventually and Hereward came to an accommodation with the king, but we don’t know what that was. Of course, this is all racist because it claims that Africans didn’t play a central role.
ID The Mystery Aircraft & Nation of Origin
This one might be tough even for the best of you. The story of this aircraft is at the bottom of this blog page. Big credit if you can identify it without scrolling down.
From the Photo Album: Veterans of the 1944 Warsaw Uprising.
Then and now – You’ve got to love Poland.
None of them are woke.
There was a general perception that Barack a child and grandchild of communists was out to get Big Capital. Others hold that he merely wanted his cut (Chicago Style).
Either way you slice it, it’s apparent that Jo/Ho aren’t running the country and that there are oligarchs (big tech, Wall St., and their puppets in the media) who call the shots.
A Mystery Plane Story
Some blog commenting by me is slow because I’m on the road intermittently.
Ok, that makes sense.