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Sara at Diego Garcia

For those uninitiated, there is no good liberty at Diego Garcia. You might as well just stay on the ship.

Saratoga (CV-60) Arrives in San Diego after the First Gulf War.  Worth going ashore.



No, it’s not a nickname or moniker that I acquired through my life. It’s a condition that scientists have opined to exist on Jupiter (the planet, not the Greek God, whose balls have not been available for examination by medical professionals).

The findings are described in the study “Small lightning flashes from shallow electrical storms on Jupiter,” published in Nature. Previous missions to Jupiter, including Voyager 1, Galileo, and New Horizons all observed lightning, but without the benefits of the equipment on Juno or more recent developments in models of the Jovian atmosphere.

In this case, the lighting is notable for how high it is occurring in the atmosphere. While previous observations suggested lightning in water-based clouds deep inside the gas planet, the new data suggests lightning exists in the upper atmosphere in clouds of water and ammonia. This lightning is dubbed “shallow lightning.”

According to a press release by Cornell University, the ammonia is vital in creating the lightning, as it functions as an “anti-freeze” of sorts to keep the water in the clouds from freezing. The collision of droplets of mixed ammonia and water with ice water particles creates the charge needed for lightning strikes.

This is different from any process that creates lightning on Earth.

That wasn’t the only bit of strangeness the probe noticed. While Juno saw plenty of ammonia near the equator and at lower levels of the atmosphere, it was hard-pressed to find much anywhere else. To explain this, researchers developed a new model of atmospheric mixing. They suggest that the ammonia at lower levels of the atmosphere rises into storm clouds, interacts with water to cause the aforementioned lightning, and then falls back down in the form of hailstones.

The scientists gave these ammonia and water ice hailstones the name “mushballs.”

This model explains many things, including why Juno couldn’t detect ammonia where it expected to: the mushballs would be more challenging to detect than ammonia or water vapor. The scientists further speculated that the weight of the mushballs pulls the ammonia to lower levels of the atmosphere where it is detected in more significant amounts.


From Twitter

That’s very progressive – in the event that you didn’t know.


Identify the Aircraft (below)

Yes, I know that it’s an easy one.

Returning from a mission


Members of Team Biden are suggesting that men with weapons of war be sent out to take “weapons of war” which are lawfully owned and used by Americans. It fits the definition of an act of war and the definition of tyranny, which coincidentally, is the reason for the Second Amendment in the first place.


It makes me wonder whether or not Creepy Joe will show up wearing a Fearless Leader outfit.


The Viking Age of Exploration

Most of the popular misconceptions about the Norsemen can trace their origin in the works of the Catholic monks of the early Middle Ages or various Romantic artists and writers of the 19th century.

Among the most well known myths concerning the Norsemen that have been preserved to these days include the fact that they worn horned or winged helmets or that they were ruthless barbarians without a defined culture.

The Viking Age was the period of time in medieval history that is officially documented in the medieval chronicles to have started in 793 and ended in about 1066, coinciding with the Battles of Hastings and Stamford Bridge (Yorvik/York) (or from late 8th century to mid 11th century).

Given the fact that the climate in most of Scandinavia couldn’t support agriculture and that the overpopulation in the coastal areas which were favorable to many human activities (including agriculture) represented serious concerns, the Norsemen had no alternative but to expand by either trade or conquest.

Before Denmark, Norway and Sweden became unified kingdoms, early medieval Scandinavia was fragmented into many earldoms, each ruled by a local earl (jarl). In order to obtain more influence and recognition, each earl could decide to conquer proximal lands and then trade with the neighboring civilizations so as to ensure social, political and economical stability to the earldom. This led to ejections of families and clans into the void and their skill as sailors allowed them to find new homes.

By spotting a weakness which likely stemmed from internal divisions in the neighboring kingdoms outside Scandinavia, the Norsemen took advantage of this situation by conquering and colonizing new lands. So it was, for instance, that the Danish Vikings took advantage of some division in the empire of Charlemagne in the early 9th century and eventually seized control of Normandy, or that the Norwegian Vikings conquered several parts of northern Britain.

The expansion of the Frankish Empire also led to the military campaigns of the Norsemen in Francia and/or Britain. (The Frankish Empire under Charlemagne was close to invading modern day Denmark during the Dark Ages.)

16 thoughts on “Topics

  1. Susan was just trying to repair some injustices. She was the real victim in all of that mess, and I’m glad that the honorable Mr Nadler was able to get President Clinton to do the correct thing.

    On a side note, it seems it would be racist for a white person to take a leadership role in BLM, but what do I know.

    For the last few days this has been running through my head:
    We are all Suidlanders now.

    1. They still do the horned helmets. Breaking Hollywood of the habit is like getting crazy old Joe to tell a story accurately.

  2. 190.
    Probably an ‘A’.
    Improvements in later versions reduced the dorsal-rib height and use a ‘bubble’ canopy to increase the operator’s rearward visibility.

    1. It’s a drawing, but you’re right in that it’s an Fw 190 A. The A model still had a few bugs that needed fixing, as with all fighter aircraft of that era. They needed to be rushed into production with fixes to come as they plowed off the drawing board.

  3. Liberty
    Mid 60’s the Army still paid in cash. Our engineer Group would send a field grade officer with three armed guards via helicopter to Bremerhaven. Nice duty to be a guard. We would be there three days. A Navy cruiser was in port and half of the crew had liberty the first night. Second night the other half. (Port/Starboard?),both being introduced to German beer. Third night, only some hard nosed old hands that had been everywhere, drunk everything were out and about. We respectfully asked them about the conditions aboard, what the heads were like. The word of one E-6 was, “ghastly”.

    1. I was aboard the USS New Orleans (the WW2 aircraft carrier converted to a helicopter carrier) for the invasion of Panama/Operation Just Cause. The older ships like The Big Easy, were far less comfortable and I have stories about the joy of being in enlisted berthing on a ROUND BOTTOM carrier in a storm. I was in officer’s country in a/c splendor with carpet on the deck. Yeah…much better.

  4. The Victorian era ‘Historians’ have turned out to be a mostly laughable lot. They screwed up everything and tried to make actual history fit their modern period’s mores. Just like today’s woke historians.

    Something to remember. Though the ‘Vikings’ had slaves, in their culture, the uncivilized and barbaric culture, slaves actually had a voice in the governance of the area they lived in. So did the lowest of the free. And women. Women had a lot of political power. Slaves could sue their masters for ill-treatment. The poor could stand up to the rich. Women had the right to divorce.

    They were also one of the cleanest of the western European cultures. Garbage was not kept in the houses. Bathing, both in cold and hot water, was encouraged and required. So was washing clothes and bedding (it’s amazing how you can ‘wash’ furs in snow.) Personal hygiene was a must. Not a lot of fleas or other parasites.

    RE: Diego Garcia, sure, not a lot of places to get drunk or laid, but not being aboard and nice beaches do have a certain calling.

    As to the terrorist, she should have been hung. But, oh well, that’s only for us rightwingers, even back then.

  5. You just expanded my knowledge of Scandinavia and the Vikings by about 500%. And Beans just gave me 50% on top of that.
    Even before, though, I would have challenged the “without a defined culture” statement vigourously. You don’t build boats and have a base of operations and a support structure without a defined culture. Just ain’t gonna happen.

    1. The Vikings were a product of their age. For the most part in terms of blood lines, I’m one of their zillions of ancestors. The Viking expansion and settlement in Europe, Russia, and beyond changed the dynamics of the place forever.

  6. It’s not just the monks (who had some reason to fear and hate the Norse traders/raiders) with the disinformation. There is right now an active movement to destroy any sense of Scandinavian heritage.

    Check out this appalling commercial from SAS (the best part is the gap-toothed negro saying “our Viking ancestors” at 1:31, but the whole thing is hateful).

    The SAS commercial (note that comments are turned off — they were getting ratio-ed yugely) is but the tip of the iceberg. (Yes, there is a joke embedded, but we won’t go there.) Recently a Danish researcher called Sturla Ellingvåg lost his job at University of Copenhagen for daring to publicly debate the conclusions (spin) on a genetic-analysis paper, of which he was a co-author. The findings are not particularly controversial, nor even unexpected. The problem is the SPIN, which is that Vikings are not particularly Scandinavian.

    Here is a CNN summary of the findings:

    The New York Times invokes of course David Reich (a Harvard Professor and a giant in the field of genetics, a veritable Iceberg, as it were) in their take on the research:

    So the TL;DR, is, not only are you not allowed to have pride in your heritage, you are not allowed ANY heritage. Worse, your heritage will not even be allowed the dignity of being forgotten. Your history is being OVERWRITTEN. Because you do not deserve a true history.

    1. I suspect that we need to listen to the harpies from time to time, Mike_C. And it’s true that Scandanavian crews took on others in lands where they traveled. Some as slaves and some as members of said crews, particularly when there was attrition to the original people because it took manpower (or human power to be politically correct) to handle longships.

      The question of what the difference might have been in 800 AD between a Jutlander, a Fresian, a Dane and a Norse person is fairly asked. The Saxons who occupied England had come from Northern Europe too, and ended up in England as the Franks pushed them west. But the culture that emerged was remarkable and created a society that spread and prospered.

      1. I wasn’t making my point very well, sorry. I’m not debating that the DNA of people identified as belonging to Viking settlements, or even found in Scandinavia itself, were all “pure Nordics” [1]. That there was outside admixture makes sense, was pretty well accepted; and this was only supported by the recent genetic analysis. My point was that the spin (interpretation), especially in the popular press, made a big deal about how there was “Asiatic and other” DNA. There may have been, but it is very very unlikely that there was much of it. [2] Also, and more importantly, the press is trying to say that there was (and IS) nothing unique that a culture of *predominantly* Scandinavian people (plus their not-so-distant other Germanic, and somewhat more distant Celtic, kin) could or did create. That is both factually wrong, and, I would argue, not an accident but rather deliberate malice on the part of certain persons (or kinds of persons). Whites in general, and Germanics in particular, are not allowed to have heroic, clever, or even decent ancestors. THAT was my point.

        Maybe even more importantly, apart from the science of it, it is important for a folk to have pride in their ancestors. A multipronged campaign to gaslight whites into thinking their ancestors were uniformly cruel, non-innovative, lazy slaveholders is destructive of culture and identity, and is deliberate enemy action. Ignorant and frankly stupid as the “We wuz Kangs” business is factually, there is some point to it from a psychological and social perspective.

        [1] Seeing as “Nordic” includes Finns, with a totally different language and I think unique genetic characteristics, clearly there is no such thing as a “pure Nordic”. Plus there is the whole Sami thing. But I don’t know enough about genetics in general, nor the deep history of that part of the world to make definitive statements. That said, I *can* discern that what the popular press is telling us is shite, by the stench of it.
        [2] I would hope the researchers had valid DNA databases for their comparisons and determinations; they probably did. BUT. I have heard that at least some of the modern pay-for-play “DNA ancestry analyses” where you swab your cheek and mail the results in, use comparators based on DNA samples of who is *currently* living in the geographic region (so you get lots of north Africans, Arabs, and other mystery meat in Malmo, Sweden, for example). White and Eurasian friends who have had their “DNA tested” often come back with reports of “African ancestry” despite having no family history of such, and these are persons who know their ancestors back five generations. There are a number of reasons why these results are reported, but I can’t rule out an antiwhite agenda being part of it.

    1. Yes, the beaches are nice. Not great fishing, or not as good as you might expect. But if you’re there for longer than a few weeks, that gets old.

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