There is a move underway for the US to replace Polish and Romanian MiGs currently in service with those and other former Soviet Socialist Republics with US F-16’s and other aircraft if they transfer those aircraft to Ukraine. This is not a no-fly zone, it’s a military sale. Ukraine has pilots who are trained to fly those MiGs and other aircraft.
The Polish Air Force currently has 6 MiG 29UB (two-seat fighter trainers) aircraft that can be used as air superiority fighters and 23 MiG 29 fighters that can be transferred to Ukraine. There are also 32 Su 22MF/UM3K fighter bombers in their inventory There is a meeting tomorrow between the USA (Ambassador Blinken, members of Congress, and US Air Force) and Poland to receive contractual replacements from the US inventory for the aircraft they lend-lease to Ukraine. Poland also flies the F-16 so that would be the likely replacement. I know that they also want A-10 Warthogs so maybe they’ll go to Poland.
Additionally, Poland has Mi-17 helicopter gunships that might be replaced by AH-64’s from the American inventory. I have no specific details on that the way that I do on the fighters.
Ukraine has no pilots who are trained to fly US aircraft, so sending them American aircraft for lend-lease won’t work. There is also the possibility that foreign military (Flying Tiger) mercenary pilots who are trained to fly former Soviet aircraft would fly some of the lend-lease units.
I have no details on Romanian transfers. I think that is in line after the Polish transfer is made. The concept is to give Ukraine better control of the air. Romania fly the F-16 primarily, but they have MiG 29 aircraft in mothballs that can be made combat-ready.
Armored Fighting Vehicles and Tanks
Poland is receiving deliveries of M-1 Abrams tanks beginning this year and has German Leopard 2 tanks in inventory.
My understanding is that their main armored strength is 318 Russian T-72 tanks to be refurbished and modified to T-72M1R standard.
Currently, 75 T-72M1 are modified to T-72M1R. My sense is that they are also on the lend-lease table if the US/NATO will replace them. If the transfer is made to Ukraine, it would give them a potent striking force.
The Poles also have 800 or so BWP-1 – Polish designation for BMP-1 armored fighting vehicles. Those too may be on the trading block. The same is true for their older artillery.
Nobody hates the Russians as much as the Poles do.