The Warwolf and the Siege of Stirling Castle
After the final defeat of William Wallace at the Battle of Falkirk in 1298, English King Edward I led an army across Scotland to quell the various uprisings across the country, which would take some time as Scotland was not so much a united kingdom, but a collection of Scottish clans who liked to fight. In 1304 Edward and his army laid siege to Stirling Castle, the last large bastion of Scottish Rebels south of the Highlands. Besieging Stirling Castle would prove difficult as it was one of the largest fortifications in Scotland, with thick walls, large stores of food and water, and doggedly determined defenders.
For a month the English pounded the castle with a dozen catapults and trebuchets with little effect. At first they used stone balls, then iron balls and Greek fire. They even tried explosive shells filled with a primitive form of gunpowder. Nothing seemed to work. However, King Edward and his chief engineer had a simple solution; MOAR TREBUCHET!!!
Five carpenters and forty nine laborers began work on a mega trebuchet. It took three months to complete the mega trebuchet, which at 400 feet tall (about 122 meters) was the largest trebuchet ever built. It could accurately hurl a 135 kg (about 300 lb) projectile 200 meters. The builders of the machine named it the “Loup de Guerre” or “The Warwolf”. Upon seeing the monster trebuchet being built, the Scots surrendered knowing that further resistance was pointless. King Edward must have been disappointed, to build the largest trebuchet in history and never use it. It was often easier to torch a trebuchet and build a new one from scratch at the next siege rather than disassembling them, moving them, and re-assembling them somewhere else.
Edward refused the Scots surrender and bombarded the castle anyway. They don’t call him “The Hammer of the Scots” for nothing. When he finally did accept the defenders surrender he let them all live and return home, only throwing the Scottish commander of the garrison in the Tower of London and executing the English commander who originally surrendered the castle.
Note, use of Greek fire on YouTube
Soviet 1960s flying submarine concept
A New ASW Drone (MQ-9B Sea Guardian) – see captioned photo.
The MQ-9B Sea Guardian expands the capacity of US forces to engage in anti-submarine warfare. (more here)
Life imitates art.
The Last Historical Entry –
–comes by way of CW and the Daily Timewaster.
More to the point, when you’re riding down the road in your Cadillac Eldorado Brougham on the Highway to Hell and the beautiful lady riding shotgun next to you wants a pop, there is no need to pull into a roadside winery. Candy is dandy, but liquor works quicker.