Tiger 131 on display in Britain after being captured in Tunisia. 1943
The Ho/Jo Administration will Intervene…if they’re Able to
…in the ongoing dispute between Kenya and Somalia.
The area is thought to be rich in oil and gas. The dispute is at the heart of a diplomatic flap that has potential of expanding.
There have been several major discoveries such as Sea Lion (offshore Falklands), Campos basin pre-salt (Brazil), Jubilee (offshore Ghana), Rovuma basin (offshore Tanzania and Mozambique), Lake Albert (Uganda), South Lokichar (Kenya), Leviathan (Israel) and more recently Liza (offshore Guyana). Offshore oil has fared best because of the ability to market oil directly from a floating production facility (FPSO) makes commercialization easier.
Kenya has a small navy and Somalia’s is smaller. Neither has much capacity to project force into the ocean to assert its rights, which provides the opportunity for a great power to insert itself on one side or the other.
At stake is the ability to favor one nation or the other, allowing for oil wealth to be amassed, and presumably gratitude (yeah, right).
Wolf distribution in Italy since 1900
If Texas – Was a Mario Bros. Game
YOU FO! (alien sightings map)
Flyby – When a passing asteroid begins to affect how people perceive time, one man struggles to keep up…the truth is out there.
Slaughterbots – In a dystopian world a new form of A.I. weaponry has been created. All these drone bots need is a profile: age, sex, fitness, uniform, and ethnicity. Nuclear is obsolete. Take out your entire enemy virtually risk free. Just characterize him, release the swarm, and rest easy. It’s very progressive.
The Hungarian language and its two closest relatives: Khanty and Mansi
The whole Finno-Ugric map is interesting too.
The explosion of the volcano on the island of Santorini (circa 1628-1624 BC), caused its collapse into the sea. It is responsible for the tsunami that devastated the north coast of Minoan Crete.
Today, Santorini is a really nice tourist destination and I highly recommend the place. Times have changed since 1628 BC. You can see the island in a day, but taking your time and kicking back, it’s a nice part of a multi-day trip to the Greek Islands. Maybe I need to start a travel blog?
Getting the Painting to Look…
Are you an Enemy of the State?
The definition and goalposts have been moved, as many of you readers have observed over the past few months – to anyone who disagrees with Jo/Ho and the swamp. If you think that Joe Biden is senile, you’re definitely an enemy of the state.
(ZeroHedge) So, according to Facebook and the Atlantic Council, I am now a “dangerous individual,” you know, like a “terrorist,” or a “serial murderer,” or “human trafficker,” or some other kind of “criminal.” Or I’ve been praising “dangerous individuals,” or disseminating their symbols, or otherwise attempting to “sow dissension” and cause “offline harm.”
These are the folks that are policing “reality” (the “reality” they have manufactured, and are manufacturing moment by moment), deciding what officially happened, and didn’t happen, and what it means, and who qualifies as an “authoritative news source,” and “fact-checking” everything we see on the Internet. It’s not a bunch of pimply-faced IT nerds writing sloppy code in Menlo Park. It’s GloboCap and the Military-Industrial Complex.
You will simply be disappeared from the Internet, fired from your job, socially ostracized, deemed a “dangerous individual,” a “racist,” an “anti-Semite,” a “conspiracy theorist,” a “white supremacist,” a “domestic terrorist,” an “anti-vaxxer,” a “Covid denier.” And if that doesn’t work, there are the re-education camps that the democrats keep talking about building for people who voted for Donald J. Trump.
How do Nordic People do the Laundry?
John D might have a comment. So also may MRSCAMPERFIXER.
Do you love Dr. Fauci?
New, from Simon and Schuster, “This engaging narrative, which draws from interviews the author did with Dr. Fauci himself, follows Anthony from his Brooklyn beginnings through medical school and his challenging role working with seven US presidents to tackle some of the biggest public health challenges of the past fifty years, including the COVID-19 pandemic. Extensive backmatter rounds out Dr. Fauci’s story with a timeline, recommended reading, a full spread of facts about vaccines and how they work, and Dr. Fauci’s own tips for future scientists.”
If you don’t love Fauci (long time), how can you call yourself an American. Get that vax and wear three masks for the rest of your life!
You can’t fix stupid, but you can laugh at it.
Sikorsky-Boeing SB-1 Defiant
There always has to be a gratuitous photo of the next military helicopter, a ship or a tank, or a retro aircraft on Virtual Mirage. Just because.
Churchill was one of the greatest men of his century – if not the greatest. I admire his lust for empire, his historical knowledge and his sense of being proud to be unapologetically British. He supported free trade, lower taxes, and was in all cases, a realist. The realism made him the great leader he was. Churchill had to deal with curs like Chamberlain. He had faults. Gallipoli fell at his feet during World War One. It was his greatest mistake. But he made up for it.
The Travels and Aircraft of Sir Winston Churchill, PM
Churchill’s travels began less than a week after he became Prime Minister. His first five sojourns were across the Channel during the Battle of France to bolster French morale and try and keep the French leadership in the fight. He usually flew in one of three new de Havilland D.H. 95 Flamingo transports of RAF No. 24 (Commonwealth) Squadron, based at RAF Hendon.
The twin-engine Flamingo was an all-metal light transport which held twelve to seventeen passengers. The Flamingos were registered G-AFUE, G-AFUF, and R2765, one was the second prototype, one formerly operated by Guernsey and Jersey Airlines and the third was ordered by The King’s Flight. The type was later used by BOAC to operate services from Cairo.
D.H. 95 Flamingo transports of RAF No. 24 (Commonwealth) Squadron, based at RAF Hendon, were used to ferry Churchill to France in 1940.
Always escorted by fighters (since German fighters were a growing threat), Churchill flew to Paris three times; then pursued the retreating French leadership on difficult and dangerous flights to Briare, eighty miles south of Paris, and later to Tours on the eve of French capitulation. The flights were uneventful – and, sadly, so were the talks.
Churchill boarding his Flamingo for a flight to Paris in 1940
in January 1942, returning from meetings with Allied leaders in Washington and Ottawa, Churchill made his first flight across the Atlantic aboard Berwick, a Boeing 314A Clipper flying boat. She was a former Pan Am Clipper purchased by the British Overseas Airways Corporation and painted in RAF camouflage with large Union Flags under her cockpit windows. She was flown by BOAC aircrew under military command.
Berwiick was comfortably fitted with peacetime luxury furnishings and food service for VIPs. Her cabin was divided into several compartments, including a dining area and separate bathrooms for men and women. Passengers could move about, and comfortable full-length bunks could be folded down from the bulkhead. Until the arrival of his C-54 Skymaster transport towards the end of the war, Berwick was Churchill’s most luxurious aeroplane.
Berwick takes off from Bermuda wih WSC aboard in January 1942. BOAC bought Pan Am’s fleet of Clippers to maintain a Trans Atlantic air service after war was declared in 1939.
Headed for Bermuda to join the Royal Navy for the voyage home, WSC climbed into the Boeing’s cockpit and happily sat opposite the pilot with a cigar clamped in his teeth. He was so taken with the Clipper that he asked Captain John Kelly Rogers whether Berwick could fly him all the way back to the UK. Assured that she could, Churchill cancelled plans to sail back from Bermuda aboard the battlecruiser HMS Renown. Rogers took on a full load of fuel and saved the Prime Minister several days in transit.
Six months later, Churchill made his only Atlantic round trip by air during the war. Only a handful of prewar passenger flights had followed that route, though military aircraft were being regularly ferried across by mid-1942. On 17 June 1942, Churchill and his party boarded BOAC’s Bristol (a sister to Berwick) at Stanraer in Scotland, flying non-stop to Baltimore. Ten days later, they returned on a northerly route via Newfoundland and Iceland.
Berwick at anchor at Bermuda. The BOAC Clippers provided a transatlantic service for Government officials throughout the war,
Churchill’s experience on the BOAC Clippers persuaded him to get a personal long-range transport. He needed a landplane so that he could fly across Central Africa to visit his commanders and forces in Egypt and drop-in on Stalin in Moscow (who refused to leave the USSR). A trip to the Middle East and on to Moscow in August 1942 involved the first aircraft assigned specifically for exclusive use by the Prime Minister: a brand-new Consolidated LB-30A which he named Commando.
Based on the earliest model of the B-24 Liberator bomber, Commando was one of a growing number of aircraft making the risky Atlantic crossing (nearly fifty aircrew were killed on Altantic ferry duties during the war). Commando was piloted by American volunteer William (Bill) J. Vanderkloot, who had flown airliners for TWA before the war.
Vanderkloot was appointed as Churchill’s pilot by Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles Portal based on his formidable long range navigation skills. He, Commando and his mixed American and Canadian RCAF crew arrived from Montreal, conveying three Canadian VIP passengers to Prestwick, near Glasgow.
Commando in her 1942 ‘night bomber’ camouflage. After a hasty conversion, Commando still has roughly painted over nose glazing and her bomber paint scheme.
Despite being assigned to WSC, Commando was a far cry from the Boeing flying boats in terms of creature comforts. She had been hastily converted and her deep fuselage had few windows; most outside light came from the cockpit.
Commando was famously drafty, and at first there was no heating either. Shelving at the back of the cabin was the only sleeping accommodation, though a simple cooking stove was provided. Lacking cabin pressurization, Commando rarely flew over 8,000 feet, enough to get above most bad weather. Her name painted at a jaunty angle under the cockpit, the lumbering giant was at first painted in the Bomber Command night scheme and mostly flew at night.
LB-30 Liberator, AL504 Commando in March 1943. She took Churchill to Egypt and the Middle East several times, including the Casablanca conference with FDR that year.
None of Churchill’s aircraft were pressurized. Since the PM was susceptible to pneumonia, a special oxygen mask was made for him by the Institute of Aviation Medicine at Farnborough. He slept wearing it, even when Commando flew at low altitude. 24 (Commonwealth) Squadron RAF, now at Northolt near London, remained the parent unit for Commando and other long range VIP types. 24 Squadron became ‘The King’s Flight’ after the war.
Churchill on the flight deck of Commando with some of her travel stickers in 1942. She was the most famous and yet most uncomfortable of his wartime transports.
Churchill travelled abroad four times in 1943, This included two of his longest wartime journeys. On 12 January he flew from RAF Lyneham in Wiltshire to Casablanca. The trip lasted nearly a month, including subsequent stops at Nicosia, Cairo, Tripoli and Algiers, and was his final journey on that aircraft. Commando was then rebuilt by Consolidated with a new tail from a PB4Y Privateer and more windows.
LB-30 Liberator, AL504 Commando after her modification and reconditioning by Consolidated from September 1943-March 1944. By this time she had been replaced as the PM’s transport and was used to transport senior military commanders across the Atlantic. She was lost close to the Azores in 1944.
For a visit to the Allied commanders in the Mediterranean after the Husky landings in Sicily six months later, Commando was replaced by a new Avro York, Ascelon. The York was the only British-built long range transport of the war. First flown in mid-1942, it used the wings, tail, Rolls-Royce Merlin engines and landing gear of Bomber Command’s Avro Lancaster, but had a more capacious square-section fuselage.
Ascelon (and Churchill) arrives at Algiers, August 1944..
Assigned to the VIP squadron at RAF Northolt in March 1943, Ascelon also flew King George VI and Churchill to France after D-Day. More than 250 were built before and after the war, some serving into the 1950s.
Churchill’s York, the third prototype, had eight rectangular windows rather than the standard round perspex windows, an improvement on Commando’s claustrophobic fuselage
Churchill arriving at Naples aboard Ascelon in 1944.
She was named Ascalon, after the sword St. George used to slay the dragon, a name suggested by No. 24 squadron’s commander. Ascalon featured a telephone for talking to the flight crew, a bar and a table with an ashtray, and carried a thermos flask, the latest newspapers and books. Engineers even came up with an electrically heated toilet seat, though Churchill complained that it was too hot and it was disconnected.
Avro York – Churchill’s York differed from the standard military transport version.
A transparent pressure chamber was devised, into which Churchill could crawl, cigar and all, if the aircraft had to climb. But it would only fit into the aircraft by disassembling the rear fuselage.
In August 1944, with Bill Vanderkloot in command, Ascalon flew Churchill to Algiers and then Naples to visit the Mediterranean theatre. There were several other segments of this journey before Ascalon returned home.
Churchill’s York Ascelon, and his abortive pressure chamber.
Two months later, in her third, very lengthy and final trip, Ascalon carried Churchill to Moscow by way of Naples and Cairo, then across Turkey and the Black Sea. In North Africa and Italy during these trips, Churchill was often taken to the front in the SACMED’s RAF Dakota which was aptly named ‘Freedom’.
Churchill’s battlefied taxi in the Middle East in 1944 was a Dakota called Freedom. She was the personal transport of 4 Star Gen Henry ‘Jumbo’ Maitland-Wilson, Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean. Sqn. Ldr. Penfold, pictured, flew both The King and the Prime Minister in this aircraft.
Luxury aloft arrived in November 1944 when Churchill obtained a brand new four-engine Douglas C-54 Skymaster from America. The first C-54 to arrive in Britain under Lend-Lease and the 100th production aircraft, EW999 bore no specific name. Since her cabin was more than nine feet off the ground, she carried her own boarding steps.
Churchilll’s C-54 Skymaster was fitted out for VIP duties by Armstrong Whitworth in Coventry. At the end of WW2 she was returned to the US and replaced by another Avro York – Ascelon II.
The interior was installed by Armstrong Whitworth in Coventry and designed to have a ’British’ country house look. They created a paneled conference room with a table seating twelve, sleeping accommodation for six including a stateroom for the PM with a divan, wardrobe, easy chairs and desk. The C-54 reached RAF Northolt in early November 1944, and soon departed on her first trip, a brief flight to to take Churchill to Paris and back from Rheims three days later to allow the PM to meet British commanders.
Cutaway of the interior of Churchill’s C-54 Skymaster. The blanked out section behind the cockpit in this illustration for Flight magazine is the communications ‘office’ with long range radio, radar jamming and encryption equipment,
On Christmas Eve 1944, Churchill boarded the Skymaster for Athens, where he mediated during the Greek civil war. His pilot was now RAF Wing Commander “Bill” Fraser. His next important wartime trip was to the Big Three conference at Yalta in February 1945. The Skymaster flew first to Malta, and then, adding fighter escort, flew across Turkey and the Black Sea for the Saki airport serving Yalta. Fraser parked her next to the Roosevelt’s C-54, the Sacred Cow.
Churchill’s C-54 Skymaster KL977 in flight. The aircraft was returned to the USA and operated by the US Navy until 1970! The airframe is still extant in Alaska.
In late March, the Skymaster departed Northolt with the WSC’s wife Clementine, who had been invited to inspect Russian Red Cross and hospital facilities. The trip took several days due to a holdover in Cairo while Russian transit arrangements were made. She returned after VE Day via Malta.
The PM’s twenty-fifth and final wartime trip was on the Skymaster to Bordeaux (where he relaxed and painted for a week); and then on to Berlin for the final Big Three summit at Potsdam. On July 25th, it flew him home for the election returns that ended his wartime career.
Churchill arriving at Potsdam in his C-54, July 1945. He arrived in triumph yet returned in ignominy to election defeat and retirement. He would return office once again in 1950.
Phantom Ray UCAV on the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft. I could point out that the alternative explanation would be that we captured an alien space ship and are flying it to Area 51 for analysis.
The Phantom Ray was completed in 2011 as a tech demonstrator. It morphed from the X-45. You can also check out the X-47 Pegasus. They were all demonstrators.
United States Navy plans to establish Unmanned Carrier Launched Multi-Role Squadron 10 (VUQ-10) in October 2021 with “four Engineering and Manufacturing examples of the MQ-25A”, the grandchild of the Phantom Ray.
KJ-1, a Chinese AWACS project, based on Tu-4 turboprop conversion. Essentially they took a B-29 knock off, added Russian engines and tried to make the whole thing work, and it didn’t. This aircraft is now part of the Chinese Aviation Museum’s collection.
When will the Republican Party show some Spine?
The caption above is somewhat misleading because there is an implication that they have a spine to show.
What Will China Do?
China will provoke a confrontation to their advantage in the Taiwan Strait or (more likely) the South China Sea. It will be short, sharp, and meant to humiliate the USA and get us to back away from our defense commitments in the western Pacific.
Sadly, I think we are poorly positioned or prepared for such a scenario. If Old Joe had the football, and if the stewed prunes hadn’t done their job that morning, he might hit the button. That’s the wild card that the Chinese can’t predict.
Smuggling a Million Aliens – It Can be Complicated
(The Federalist) These operations are sophisticated — so sophisticated that smugglers are now requiring migrants to wear wristbands as a way to keep track of who has paid and which smuggling outfit is in charge of whom. Jaeson Jones, a retired captain for the Texas Department of Public Safety and owner of Tripwires and Triggers, which tracks cartel activity on the border, shared images with The Federalist of discarded wristbands on the U.S. side of the border that he says “represent a process that says which smuggler group has moved them,” as well as other information.
Every person who crosses the border, whether man, woman, or child, is supposed to pay a fee to smugglers. These smugglers operate with the permission and cooperation of whichever cartel controls a particular area, and the cartel gets a cut of every smuggling fee that’s paid. Think of it as a “cartel tax.”
The way it used to be done is that migrants would pay up-front for passage over the Rio Grande and beyond the Border Patrol checkpoints just north of the border. But now, cartels and smugglers have turned this into a lucrative black market industry with a tiered pricing scheme for different nationalities. Prices are so high that almost no one can pay it up-front. According to Jones, who says he verified these prices with a cartel source, Mexican nationals must pay $2,500, Venezuelans, Peruvians, Ecuadorans, and Hondurans must pay $3,000, Chinese nationals pay $5,000, and Russians and migrants from the Middle East must pay $9,000.
The system amounts to a form of debt-bondage, which Jones says is “really a modern form of slavery.”
When missile development has moved to hypersonic speeds, a speed-of-light response is necessary unless you want to loose the fight. Vaporize or be vaporized.
The U.S. Navy’s new MK 2 MOD 0 laser shot down a drone in testing about a year ago. The laser is the Navy’s most powerful shipboard laser to date. The weapon, also known as LWSD, has the power to shoot down drones, rockets, and artillery shells.
Fast Steering Mirrors (FSMs), are used to rapidly and precisely maintain the laser beam on target, even when the target is moving, the ship carrying the laser is moving and there is atmospheric interference in between.
The challenge has been to build mirrors which will not be destroyed by a laser beam which is designed to punch holes in hostile vessels or drones miles away.
They aren’t new to the fleet. The AN/SEQ-3 Laser Weapon System or XN-1 LaWS, pictured above, was installed on USS Ponce for field testing in 2014. In December 2014, the United States Navy reported that the LaWS system worked perfectly against low-end asymmetric threats, and that the commander of Ponce is authorized to use the system as a defensive weapon.
The need to destroy incoming drones has spurred the development of these weapons. The word “drone” merely means that it is an unmanned aircraft.
The Chinese are working hard to develop similar systems (pictured right), from rail guns to lasers. Naval platforms are by their nature mobile, and they have ship’s power to run the weapon. They’ve become ideal platforms for these systems and as tech demonstrators until they can be deployed to the fleet.
Which brings us to the rail gun. Nobody knows whether they will achieve their operationally desired results. A railgun is a linear motor device, typically designed as a weapon, that uses electromagnetic force to launch high velocity projectiles. The projectile normally does not contain explosives, instead relying on the projectile’s high speed, mass, and kinetic energy to inflict damage.
Riding on Air Force One
Not a B-17
The PB-1G was adapted from the Boeing B-17 and saw service with the US Coast Guard.
Yes, that’s a boat under the aircraft that can be dropped to aid sailors in distress.
If flown by the USAF, it was designated as an SB-17G.
“Never Let a Good Crisis go to Waste…”
As we sit here in 2021, reflecting on what we knew when about the plague, the government could have given away essential vitamins, zinc, invermectin and hydroxychloroquine at stadium drive-through sites, and life would have returned to normal, but health was never the goal of Fauci or the Democrats because there would be no money or power in that.
The plague has been a multi-trillion dollar cash cow for the donkeys. They’ll be feeding from that trough for a very long time.
Not Welcome at the Pelosi Mansion
from The Exorcist, 1973
File Under: It’s not easy being Maya
The bones of a Maya ambassador suggest a life of privilege but not necessarily comfort and ease, even though he was a high-ranking official born into a powerful family. His skeleton also finishes the story started in the hieroglyphic inscriptions on his tomb, revealing his greatest achievement and his fall from power after political winds shifted.
What goes up, must come down — unless it reaches orbital velocity. 726 CE, diplomat Apoch’Waal’s stands as a poster child for that maxim.
Another Guru in the Neighborhood
I don’t exactly live in Sedona, AZ, but I live close enough to be able to tap a vortex or two. Gurus come to Sedona to prey on the mentally weak. Where are Jo/Ho? …more here
Kaia Ra (Colleene Anne Santoro) says she was raised in a QAnon-like satanic cabal and claims to be a “world renowned divine oracle.” She sells jewelry she says removes suicidal thoughts and trauma and her followers think she rules over a tribe of cosmic “Sophia Dragons.” Now she’s building a temple in Sedona to “reconsecrate the vortexes.”
I didn’t know that the vortexes needed reconsecration.
Bio: “Kaia Ra is the world renowned Oracle for an Ascended Master High Council called The Sophia Dragon Tribe and the international bestselling author of The Sophia Code. She is a Divine Feminine teacher, speaker, ceremonialist, medicine woman, and community leader teaching The Sophia Code channeling modality worldwide.” In the photo, right, she’s flogging her book. Apparently she also ‘puts out’ with couples in tantric healing for the right donation. It’s sort of a medical thing according to Santoro/Ra.
Unlock your inner person in Sedona. I hate to suggest that the photo has been touched up or “air brushed”. There are other photos of her on the Internet that look like she just woke up. She sells trinkets and jewelry if you’re interested in dipping a toe in the water without actually joining the tribe in Sedona.
As an armchair admiral, I’ve been playing what if with the Falklands War of 1982. Having mountains of hindsight, it’s easy for me to win by taking either side and while the British won, it was not a foregone conclusion. They had the better fleet and the better submarines, but the loss or heavy damage to one or both British Aircraft Carriers on May 1-2, would have lost them the war.
At minimum the conflict would have been longer, and the Royal Navy would have needed to get the new carrier Illustrious rapidly into service, or even re-commission the Bulwark, a commando carrier that had recently been paid off (this was examined at the time but considered too time consuming and costly).
If the Argentine Navy had gone all in with its British-built light aircraft carrier ARA Veinicento de Mayo task group. Had they launched a strike on the British as planned, and had the Argentine escorts fired their twenty Exocet missiles at the British battle group as planned, the odds of hits was good.
We know the submarine HMS Spartan was in contact with the Argentine carrier and had been denied permission to attack on the 1 May. If ARA Veinicento de Mayo had launched a strike package, there’s little doubt that the Spartan would have torpedoed her, but the strike would have been airborne. The loss of the Argentine carrier would be significant, but if they would have succeeded, the British amphibious fleet could not have landed troops and supported them in light of effective Argentine land-based aircraft attacks.
The British operation to retake the Falklands was very high risk and ran against the clock.
This can be discussed in great depth and I’m not doing that here. My point, if there is one, is that holding back and not attacking, and saving the navy can mean losing the war as surely as using them boldly (and maybe carelessly).
Royal Canadian Navy Submarines
The Royal Canadian Navy operates four Victoria class British built diesel-electric fleet submarines designed in the late 1970s to supplement the Royal Navy’s nuclear submarine force.
In 1998, Canada purchased the submarines to replace their aging Oberon-class submarines. The troubled history of Canadian submarines is a very open secret and is detailed here: “The Saga of This Long-Busted Submarine…”
Canada might consider purchasing submarines that could operate under the ice, because so much of its territorial waters are icebound at least half of the year. In practical terms that would mean nuclear propulsion and the word “nuclear” is almost a swear word in Canada. When you consider the sad state of Canada’s submarines, they’d be money ahead to scrap them and just pretend to have submarines.
In 2015, the Canadian Navy lost its area air defense capacity and its underway replenishment capacity, which has nothing to do with the problems that they’re having with their submarines. Canada hopes that the US will defend their interests at sea against foreign aggression. And when you visit Vancouver and see how many Chinese people (non-English/French speaking) live there, you might be inclined to deduce that the invasion took place already.
Captioned Photo: A politically correct utopia awaits.
Welcome to the Post-Human Age
John Wright wrote that we live in a posthuman age. By that, he did not mean that men could not extend life and expand consciousness by bionanotechnology, neural shunts or downloading self-identities into the psycho-cyberverse. He meant, nearly a third of us has sold the heritage of mankind, what it means to be human, for a mess of pottage called political correctness. And at its root, you will always find that the PC culture has at its core, a hatred of Jesus Christ.
The posthumans renounce the gift of reason, and think themselves superhuman, beyond good and evil. Neither the law of cause and effect nor the law of supply and demand has any bearing on their talking points and chanted slogans.
At root, mortal men may chose between only three philosophies of life: Reason, Passion, and Appetite.
These three philosophies apply to three ways of life: Living by the truth and the spirit, which is Christianity, living by duty and discipline, which is Stoicism, and living by the appetites of belly and groin, which is Hedonism.
By passion here, I do not mean strong emotion. I mean that habit of devotion to some beloved family, clan, city, or nation which demands and promotes a craving for honor, sacrifice, and noble deeds. By passion I mean spiritedness. It differs from reason because it does not rest on calculation or abstraction.
It differs from appetite by being noble and selfless rather than base and selfish. Hence, a man who lives by passion is rarely an emotional man, but, rather, is disciplined, and conforms his appetites to the bounds of nature, and habituates his drive and force to the needs of duty.
One would never mistake a man of duty for a man of reason. Men of duty are stubborn as old oak stumps. For him, the matter is not open to discussion. Orders are orders. Men of reason are patient as saints, and will discuss any matter until exhaustion.
Socrates was able to deduce all the elements of monotheism, and drank hemlock rather than violate the iron demands of what that deduction implied.
Paganism combines morality and ritual, philosophy and poetry, only in Buddhism, which, in effect, is a quietist type of Stoicism. The eightfold path is a life of discipline: rightness in belief, motive, speech, action, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, and spirit, but worldly honor and shame are no part of it.
Having rejected Christianity, and being unsuited to discipline and ignorant even of the concept of duty, no form of Stoicism is available to the posthumans. One or two of them toy with Buddhism, but that is more to tweak the noses of Christians, than any real devotion to the concept of serenity through renunciation.
The pre-posthumans, back before political correctness was called by that name, lived by and promoted hedonism.
This had its roots a generation or two ago. Hedonism is why Marilyn Monroe, the glamor girls of Hollywood in those days, the swinging chicks of the 1960s have both an innocence and a sexual allure.
But hedonism runs out. The innocence is lost. Normal sexual appetites either lure a man into the dignity and manhood of marriage and fatherhood, or sag and turn into ennui. When frustrated by ennui, the appetite turns to perversion, hoping the shock value and visceral disgust will stimulate jaded nerves.
When it runs out. Homosexuality is no longer shocking nor interesting. The neurotic victims of gender dysphoria are now the object of attention and adoration, and the latest fashion is to castrate young boys and dressed them up as girls, or sterilize young girls and rear them to be butch. I frankly thought that publicizing and normalizing pederasty would be next, and this perversion took me by surprise, because the numbers of sufferers is so microscopic. I was also sure polygamy would be legalized by now. Fluidity and impermanence is precisely part of the appeal of the polyamorous lifestyle, and the idea of publicly formalizing it and locking in economic responsibilities based on it was never as much of a draw as an outsider might expect. And in the West, those men wealthy enough to afford multiple spouses are usually wealthy enough not to need to marry their women to keep them.
The Left promoted hedonism until it ran out of any pleasures to give, and championed socialism until it went broke, and preached skepticism until all men grew skeptical of it. The freethinkers entered the thought prison of political correctness, and threw the keys away, and called a halt to all thought.
So the Left are basically left with nothing. That nothing is called Nihilism. Think of Antifa. They are its poster children. Producing nothing, they live to destroy.
Aside from trying to eliminate sex and abolish all images of minorities from syrup bottles and butter boxes, they have no more jihads to launch. They do not stand for anything, do not promote anything, do not have anything so say. All they can do now is scream, or sneer, or seethe. All they can do now is destroy.
The sight of anarchists and totalitarians intermingled with plutocrat socialists and secular Islamonazis is a freakish sight, but it shows that none of them stand for anything nor believe in anything, except one: hatred of Christ.
Christ is truth. So they hate truth. Truth is beauty, So they hate beauty. A man cannot hate truth and beauty without hating virtue, so they hate prudence, fortitude, justice, and temperance. Granting their wish, nature makes them foolish and craven hypocrites and addicts.
Faith is the Fundamental Substance of Reality
(re-posted from QL42) Something we do without realizing it is to interpret the scriptures and our faith through the lens of our cultural background. In our culture we are strongly influenced by Protestant theology. I sometimes joke that in the US everyone is a Protestant, even the Catholics. What I mean by that is we have been so thoroughly immersed in Protestant ways of thinking that we don’t even realize we are doing it.
One of the places this shows up is how we talk about faith and knowledge. Because of our culture we are making implicit assumptions about what faith is and what it means to know something. Given those fundamental assumptions it is natural for someone to come to the conclusions, or ask the questions that you did.
Let me give an example of how we can unconsciously make an assumption that can lead to a paradox.
There is something called the “heap paradox”. Suppose you have a heap of sand. In this particular heap there are 15,000,000 grains of sand. If you take a single grain of sand from the heap so that you now only have 14,999,999 grains, is it still a heap?
Any rational person would look at the sand sitting in a pile and say, “Yes. That is a heap of sand.”
Now you take away another grain so that you have 14,999,998 grains. Is it still a heap? It should be.
Now you keep taking away single grains of sand until there are only 3 left. Can 3 grains of sand make a heap? Any rational person would look at it and say you need to get your eyes checked if you call 3 grains of sand a “heap of sand”.
So at what point did the “heap of sand” turn into “not a heap of sand”? You could say that 15,000,000 grains were a heap. You could say that 1,500,000 grains were a heap. But at some point you get down to a minimum number and it stops being a heap. So, at what point did your “heap of sand” turn into “not a heap of sand”?
The inability to determine that is the “heap paradox”, and it cannot be resolved.
But there was a problem with our mental exercise. We made a mistake and we didn’t even realize it. And that mistake created the paradox.
By definition the number of things in a “heap” is undefined. Yes we can take a heap of sand and count the number of grains and get 12,749,873 grains. But the exact number isn’t what makes it a heap. We use the word “heap” to mean a large, unknown, and not easily counted pile of things. The fact that we happen to know the number of things in the heap is unrelated to whether or not we call it a heap.
So, in the heap paradox we subtly shifted the definition of “heap” to include an exact value. Without realizing it we created the paradox.
A similar thing has happened in our culture with words like “faith” and “know”. Over hundreds of years our understanding has drifted so that, while similar, we are missing something that was present in the original definition of the word we translate as “faith”, and what it means to “know” something.
When Hebrews 11:1 is translated into English, because of hundreds of years of Protestant theology, we run into a paradox. In the original Greek the verse is,
Ἔστιν δὲ πίστις ἐλπιζομένων ὑπόστασις, πραγμάτων ἔλεγχος οὐ βλεπομένων.
This can correctly be translated as,
Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. (King James Version)
But there are other ways of translating this. For example,
Now faith is confidence in what we hope for and assurance about what we do not see. (New International Version)
Faith shows the reality of what we hope for; it is the evidence of things we cannot see. (New Living Translation)
To have faith is to be sure of the things we hope for, to be certain of the things we cannot see. (Good News Translation)
Now faith is the reality of what is hoped for, the proof of what is not seen. (Christian Standard Bible)
In the KJV the word that is translated as substance is “ὑπόστασις” (hypostasis). In Greek the word hypostasis literally means “to stand (-stasis) under (hypo-)”. It means it is the thing that supports or is the source of everything. In philosophy hypostasis is the fundamental substance of reality. It is the thing that makes up everything.But it can also mean to possess a claim, or to have title (or a deed) to a guaranteed agreement. It entitles someone to what is guaranteed under the particular agreement. (We still use this idea in modern English. If someone has a legal claim that can be heard in court, we say they “have standing”. They have standing under the law to claim something such as property, or redress of wrongs.)So another way of (very loosely) translating Hebrews 11:1 could be,
Our faithfulness gives us standing to actively wait for the proof of things that we cannot see.
Or it could be translated (again very loosely) as,
Our faith is the fundamental substance of reality that we trust gives proof of the things we cannot see [such as God].
So, how does that change the way we talk about faith and what it means “to have faith”? That is the question.
Blog Admin Comments
Life at the White Wolf Mine, atop Arizona’s Mogollon Rim is slow, gentle, and is separated from the strife that city dwellers seem to face. I realize that many readers have carved out their own spot in the world where they can be at peace.
As the hare-brained schemes of politicians are played out, I sit back and wonder where the insanity will stop, or whether they will find joy in a nation that pushes back stridently at some point? Democrats still refer to “men and women” even though their leader, as a matter of executive order, has made America genderless. Riddle me that one.
If you’re interested in some light reading this weekend, may I recommend the article cited:
Chances are, as the Washington Post reports, you have already been assigned a color-coded threat score—green, yellow or red—so police are forewarned about your potential inclination to be a troublemaker depending on whether you’ve had a career in the military, posted a comment perceived as threatening on Facebook, suffer from a particular medical condition, or know someone who knows someone who might have committed a crime.
In other words, you might already be flagged as potentially anti-government in a government database somewhere—Main Core, for example—that identifies and tracks individuals who aren’t inclined to march in lockstep to the police state’s dictates.
Free speech? Bill of Rights? Mention THAT and you’ll be fighting WSF for that bunk next to the stove in the camp.
USS Monterey (CG-61) transited and worked with USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN-69) operating in the Mediterranean Sea, Carrier Air Wing 3, Navy P-8A Poseidons, U.S. Air Force aircraft based in Europe and allied aircraft for unspecified “multi-domain operations”.
Monterey entered the Black Sea after drilling with the Israeli Navy this week in the Mediterranean Sea. The cruiser patrolled with two Israeli Sa’ar 4.5 ships in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea on March 15.
There is a danger with the US having pathetically weak leadership. Other nations will try things. They took Joe’s launch codes because of his mental decline. I hope that they didn’t give them to Ho, but you take my point. USS Monterey is sailing into the Black Sea with very weak back-up in DC.
British Royal Navy — Any officer ‘on the beach’, either permanently (retired) or while awaiting a new ship or commission would be put on half-pay. They did not actually get half of what they might earn if employed but the rates were actually slightly better than that. For example circa 1800, a lieutenant at sea earned 6s per day while the lowest half-pay rate was 5s per day.
There were some 3,000 lieutenants on the list and only the top 300 got the full half-pay of 7s per day. This is actually more than their sea-pay. Below that 700 got 6s per day and the rest got the 5s. The rates are calculated on a sliding scale according to seniority, not according to whatever rate their last ship was. (rate=ship’s size) A captain recently made post would receive less than one with ten years seniority. The money was paid quarterly.
A Silver naval presentation cup awarded to Captain Henry Newcome, captain of HMS Orpheus. Who successfully fought against the French Privateer Duguay-Trouin, 1794. Made by William Drury, 1795
The inscription reads “Merchant Seamens Office Jan. 22nd 1796, Meeting of the Committee for Encouraging the Capture of French Privateers Armed Vessells, Etc. SIR RICHD. NEAVE BARt. in the Chair resolved that CAPTn. NEWCOME of his Majesty’s Ship ORPHEUS be requested to Accept a piece of plate value one Hundred Guineas in testimony of his Signal Service in the Protection of the Commerce of this Country by the Capture of ye. French Frigate LA DUQUAYTEOUIN [sic] of very Superior force.”
Such valuable gifts in the form of cups, whole tableware, swords etc. were a common way for merchants but also trade associations and other organizations to thank a captain for his noble conduct in a battle to protect that organization. This type of honor was awarded publicly and was a welcome underlining of the reputation of the person receiving it. At the same time, these objects were also a kind of reinsurance in bad financial situations, such as the time of a half pay, during peace time or the death of the captain. In such cases, such pieces were often offered for sale.
The Battle: On 5 May 1794, a British squadron consisting of the 32-gun frigate, Orpheus, led by Captain Newcome, the 50-gun ship Centurion, and the 44-gun ship Resistance, encountered two French ships, the 34-gun Duguay-Trouin and the brig-corvette Vulcan off the coast of the Isle de France. The two squadrons engaged in a fierce battle lasting approximately one-hour-and-twenty-minutes, in which the superior sailing Orpheus obtained an advantageous position upon Duguay-Trouin’s starboard quarter. Orpheus continued to fire upon Duguay-Trouin until “her bowspirit shot through…and having sustained considerable loss in killed and wounded, struck her colors” (William James, The Naval History of Great Britain, London, 1837, vol. I.. p. 203).
The Decline of the British Royal Army
The current call is to reduce the number of Challenger 2 Main Battle Tanks to between 170 and 150 (active and in storage). That doesn’t sound like very many tanks for an Army. They need to be upgraded if they’re to remain in service until 2035, and the British are reluctant to spend too much money to do that. Thus the reduction in numbers.
Turkey, by comparison, has 1,000 front line tanks (Leopard MBT’s) and is beginning to produce its new home grown Altay MBT.
Israel has 500 Merkava MBT’s in service and about 1,100 in storage.
In an article (h/t Claudio) linked here, Britain’s armored fighting vehicle capabilities have been labelled as “deplorable” in a report released by the parliamentary Defense Committee on March 14.
Actually, “deplorable” was one of the kinder terms used by the committee to describe the Army’s reasons for letting its armored vehicle fleet atrophy over the last two decades.
“The recent history of the British Army’s armoured fighting vehicle capability is deplorable,” the committee wrote. “This report reveals a woeful story of bureaucratic procrastination, military indecision, financial mismanagement and general ineptitude, which have continually bedevilled attempts to properly re-equip the British Army over the last two decades.”
The use of the word “deplorable” in the USA is usually reserved for American politicians describing white people in ‘fly-over country’, but applying such a word to the British Army’s capability should be alarming to citizens of the UK.
The Decline in the Lebanese Pound (currency)
Violent protests erupted across Lebanon after the country’s currency plummeted to a new record low, amid an economic crisis that poses the biggest threat to its stability since the 1975-1990 civil war.
The Lebanese pound has lost roughly 85 percent of its value in recent months and slid to a record new low on Saturday, falling to 12,500 pounds to the US dollar on the black market, though the official rate remains at roughly 1,500 pounds to the dollar.
In response, there was a protest near the parliament in Beirut, during which protesters briefly stormed a reinforced gate leading into the compound, only to be repelled by riot police firing tear gas canisters. It’s difficult when a bushel basket of currency won’t buy a bushel basket of bread. Ask the Venezuelans.
It often leads to regime change, or to the government deploying troops and shooting hungry people.
America, run by a man in severe mental decline and a whore, is poised to face similar problems if national policies continue. Comparing Lebanon to the USA is an apples and oranges matter, but the snake can’t keep eating its tail forever without these problems being made manifest.
Painting – Storm and Sunshine: A Battle with the Elements, by W.L. Wyllie 1885
It’s an uninteresting picture, only showing a hulk and some fishermen in front of it. But this is not a normal Hulk. This was once HMS Leonidas a 36-gun frigate, launched in 1807. By 1872 had ceased active service to become a powder hulk storing gun cotton. You can tell it’s a powder hulk by the red flag. And these Hulks were always placed far out on a body of water, so if there was an explosion it would only destroy the Hulk and her guards, possibly nearby fishermen, but not anyone else.
Entropy – sic transit gloria mundi – it comes to us all. It comes to Great Britain with the sore decline of its army and navy. The British threw in with America under President Trump. But they’re mostly white and under Jo/Ho they will be repudiated, I fear.
“In my study of communist societies, I came to the conclusion that the purpose of communist propaganda was not to persuade or convince, not to inform, but to humiliate; and therefore, the less it corresponded to reality the better. When people are forced to remain silent when they are being told the most obvious lies, or even worse, when they are forced to repeat the lies themselves, they lose once and for all their sense of probity. To assent to obvious lies is . . . in some small way to become evil oneself. One’s standing to resist anything is thus eroded, and even destroyed. A society of emasculated liars is easy to control. I think if you examine political correctness, it has the same effect and is intended to.”
– Theodore Dalrymple.
They’ll go Higher
A Sodomite no More?
March 9, 2021 (LifeSiteNews) — Milo Yiannopoulos, the gay man whose conservative messaging and willingness to speak the truth sparked riots on university campuses may well trigger more outrage now that he describes himself as “Ex-Gay” and “sodomy free,” and is leading a daily consecration to St. Joseph online.
President Trump & The Norks
(more here) Creepy old Joe can’t seen to get any respect from the North Koreans. They don’t trust him. And in a strange and almost surreal way, they felt that President Trump was a man of his word. Even if he was an enemy, he was a trustworthy enemy. Who would trust Jo/Ho? Nobody. And that’s the point.
Identify the Aircraft
Answer at the bottom of this blog.
US Counties without full Traffic Lights
A single flashing red doesn’t count as a “traffic light”.
Tanks, for the Memories
Tiger 131 on display in Britain after being captured in Tunisia. 1943
I prefer Godzilla, but I know that’s racist.
2020 Election Results by precinct.
The cluster of blue in the southwest represents Indian reservations, where the Democrats actually bought votes with coupons, lottery tickets and cash prizes. It’s considered to be legitimate so long as it’s being won by Democrats.
The map is not weighted by rampant voter/voting machine fraud. This is after the fraud. It helps to explain why the donkeys are concerned…there are a lot of Trump voters out there.
Death Penalty & Method
In Utah it was always the prisoner’s choice between firing squad or hanging. I heard that they recently also offered the lethal injection option.
Murder Rate (2019)
The Old Dominion
Answer to Identify the Aircraft:
Northrop XP-79, an ambitious design for a flying wing fighter aircraft, designed by Northrop. It had several notable design features; among these, the pilot would operate the aircraft from a lying position, permitting the pilot to withstand much greater g-forces in the upward and downward direction with respect to the plane – and welded magnesium monocoque structure instead of riveted aluminum.
Biden Vows to Raise Taxes
Let major corporations all pay more — who cares? Ford couldn’t wait 60 days after former President Donald Trump left office before it announced it will ship American jobs to Mexico this week.
But that’s really not the point because those corporations will pass the grief on to the little guy. It’s the way that it always works.
When I write that Biden vows to do anything, I understand that he’s a sock puppet with somebody’s hand up his back. He reads what his handlers want him to say from the teleprompter. Or he teeters as he walks someplace exotic, but it’s just a green screen and some CGI.
Then he drinks his hot coco and goes to bed. Maybe he eats a crayon too?
Chairman Xi Offers a 2A Opinion
I can’t tell you how much I appreciate the advice of (another) communist dictator, working to prop up our own. It’s even more special coming from America’s principal enemy. Chairman Xi feels that it would make the world a better place if American citizens didn’t own firearms. Thank you for your input Comrade Xi.
Are you Ready for Easter?
Disney to Raise Prices
Of course they will. Disney is on my naughty list so I wouldn’t go if the Park opened with free admission. They’re going for a more elite client now, somebody who can afford the more exciting and exclusive experience…more here.
But when Disneyland reopens this spring, it’s probably going to be a lot harder for many to be able to go to the park, and not just because of the financial distress caused by the pandemic. Disney is designing a more expensive park experience.
Disneyland fans: “But for some people, you can’t put a price on magic.”
Disney said, “hold my beer.” They know that they CAN put a price on magic and if you want to experience it, you’ll pay.
It’s very progressive.
Biden Throws down on Putin
It’s a replay of the world-shattering racist confrontation with Corn Pop. Biden goes hard.
Vlad responded with a throw-down of his own. A real time debate. The mentally slow and demented Biden couldn’t do that. He’d be Putin’s bitch on the International stage.
The Civil Authorities (Special Powers) Act (Northern Ireland) 1922,
It is often referred to simply as the Special Powers Act. It was an Act passed by the Parliament of Northern Ireland shortly after the establishment of Northern Ireland, and in the context of violent conflict over the issue of the partition of Ireland.
This was in place until 1973, empowering officials of HM government to behave differently toward its citizens in Northern Ireland than it would in England. It’s good to review how that worked. It sounds like something we’d read, coming out of Washington DC in March 2021 – and of course the US Supreme Court would go along with it, because that’s how they roll these days.
(1) Arrest without warrant
(2) Imprison without charge or trial and deny recourse to habeus corpus or a court of law.
(3) Enter and search homes without warrant, and with force, at any hour of the day or night.
(4) Declare a curfew and prohibit meetings, assemblies (including fairs or markets) and processions.
(5) Permit punishment by flogging.
(6) Deny claim to a trial by jury.
(7) Arrest persons it is desired to examine as witnesses, forcibly detain the and compel them to answer questions, under penalties, even if answers may incriminate them. Such a person is guilty of an offense if he refuses to be sworn or to answer a question.
(8) Do any act involving interference with the rights of private property.
(9) Prevent access of relatives or legal advisers to a person imprisoned without trial.
(10) Prohibit the holding of an inquest after a prisoner’s death.
(11) Arrest a person who “by word of mouth” spreads false reports or makes false statements.
(12) Prohibit the circulation of any newspaper.
(13) Prohibit the possession of any film or gramophone record.
(14) Arrest a person who does anything “calculated to be prejudicial to the preservation of the peace or maintenance of order in Northern Ireland and not specifically provided for in the regulations.”
Comments: The provisions of the Act underscore why the Bill of Rights were added to the US Constitution. It’s all the more interesting in the context of 2020/21, with the US Government’s efforts to erode the Bill of Rights.
One of the strangest sights, at least to my young eyes, were the neighborhood patrols that were undertaken by the various British regiments that were sent to Northern Ireland. It would be a completely normal scene one moment, and then you’d see the Paras, or the Royal Commandos or the Argyle and Sutherland Highlanders move through. People became accustomed to it in Belfast, Londonderry, Antrim, etc.
Studying the history of recent civil wars/conflicts requires a study of the extent to which military occupation reached desired goals. There was a lot of planned political kidnapping undertaken by HM Government. You could call them “arrests”, but the interrogations would qualify as torture, there was no judicial review, and people could be held indefinitely. That qualifies as kidnapping. In light of current trends and moves, it could happen in the US today. One might have written that off as a conspiracy theory five years ago, but today?
Making the case for “special powers” during an “insurrection” is the current stock in trade for our betters/rulers.
Make of it what you will.
USS Lexington – Fleet Marine Detachment on flight deck after of Island, note the twin mount 8” gun battery. As with many aircraft carriers of its era (British, Japanese and American), it started life as a heavy cruiser.
Period photograph aboard the USS Mohican ca 1880s. There was no high year tenure for those sailors. It wasn’t “up or out.” It was a very different navy.
David Freund and John King are sitting on their ditty boxes, Gilbert H. Purdy has his foot on a barrel- tube while his companion is sitting on it. – Funny thing, they used the spone/rammer as a washing line.
Retro Review (VM, from the past)
A few definitions and observations
A model is a scheme, that is, a set of explanations about nature.
If the model is speculation, it is called a hypothesis. If there is firm confirmatory evidence, it is called a theory.
The part of a theoretical model which reduces a part of observed nature to an equation, or a ratio, or a principle, it is called a law of nature. Example: Newton’s Third Law of Motion. The Second Law of Thermodynamics. Gauss’s Law.
Climate change and the tax necessary to tackle it is not a law of nature. It’s a scam.
Meme of the Day
The Wall – Tear it Down?
The states of Arizona and Montana are trying to block new regulations under the Biden Administration that would stop most deportations of illegal immigrants.
“If asked about the poorest policy choice I’ve ever seen in government, this would be a strong contender, blindly releasing thousands of people, including convicted criminals and those who may be spreading COVID-19 into our state, is both unconscionable and a violation of federal law. This must be stopped now to avoid a dangerous humanitarian crisis for the immigrants and the people of Arizona.” – Mark Brnovich, Attorney General, Arizona
The Attorneys General for the two states say Mexican drug cartels activity have been escalating since the end of 2020 because the cartels expected that President Biden would have a “hands off” attitude regarding the border.
Read the lawsuit here. It asks the court to declare the Biden administration policy illegal and unenforceable.
The Future Population
(LifeSiteNews) – A doctor told CNN that nobody should be “surprised” to see reports of “multiple people dying” at long-term care facilities a day or two after having received the COVID vaccination.
Dr. Kelly Moore, associate director of the Immunization Action Coalition, told CNN last week that the COVID-19 vaccines have not been tested on the “frail elderly.”
“Since they haven’t been studied in people in those populations, we don’t know how well the vaccine will work for them. We know that most vaccines don’t work nearly as well in a frail elderly person as they would in someone who is fit and vigorous, even if they happen to be the same age,” said Moore.
Moore said that Americans need to be prepared for reports about the elderly dying “a day or two” after receiving the vaccine jab, adding that such deaths are a “normal occurrence” that may have nothing to do with the vaccine since such people “die frequently.”
“We would not at all be surprised to see, coincidentally, vaccination happening and then having someone pass away a short time after they receive a vaccine, not because it has anything to do with the vaccination but just because that’s the place where people at the end of their lives reside,” Moore said.
“One of the things we want to make sure people understand is that they should not be unnecessarily alarmed if there are reports, once we start vaccinating, of someone or multiple people dying within a day or two of their vaccination who are residents of a long-term care facility. That would be something we would expect, as a normal occurrence, because people die frequently in nursing homes,” Moore added.
The Duty to Care
Forgive me if I sound naive, but isn’t one function of government to protect the helpless in society – or at least to stand as an advocate. Yes, I refer to the very young and very old, who often do not have a voice of their own.
There is little that depresses me more than walking through a nursing home. They all smell of shit and bleach. So long as I have a firearm and the strength to pull the trigger, I won’t be going to stay. But what of the implied social contract?
In New York, New Jersey and elsewhere, the scandals involving the neglect, the duty to care and the standard of care, are being openly replaced by sexual scandals. Look, a squirrel!
The measure of a society is how it deals with these people who can’t care for themselves and we have been weighed, measured, metered, and have been found wanting.
The Progressive Agenda
The devastating fallout of the Biden administration’s job-killing rampage continues after he canceled the sale of 80 million acres of Gulf of Mexico oil leases that was scheduled for Wednesday in New Orleans, KLFY-TV in Lafayette, Louisiana, reported yesterday.
“It would kill our state. It would kill workers,” Mike Moncla, president of the Louisiana Oil and Gas Association, said of the Biden administration’s move. “It would kill jobs, and it would be a terrible thing.”
According to the Moncla and the association, nearly 250,000 Louisiana residents work in the oil and gas industry, and 98,000 of them have offshore jobs.
The oft heard response from progressive officials is that all of those people will just have to learn to work on wind turbines or build solar panels, for minimum wage. Or maybe they can find gainful employment in the fast food industry? “Let them eat cake!”
Jo/Ho banned all new oil and gas leases on public land and waters for 60 days in an executive order on Jan. 20, the day he took office.
Never fear, there is still Middle East, Russian, and Venezuelan oil for sale.
Standing on Venus
If you could stand on Venus — what would you see? Pictured is the view from Venera 13, a robotic Soviet lander which parachuted and air-braked down through the thick Venusian atmosphere in March of 1982. The desolate landscape it saw included flat rocks, vast empty terrain, and a featureless sky above Phoebe Regio near Venus’ equator.
Enduring temperatures near 450 degrees Celsius and pressures 75 times that on Earth, the hardened Venera spacecraft lasted about two hours.
Two papers have dealt a fresh blow to the idea that Venus’s atmosphere might contain phosphine gas — a potential sign of life.
The claim that there is phosphine on Venus rocked planetary science last September, when researchers reported spotting the gas’s spectral signature in telescope data. If confirmed, the discovery could mean that organisms drifting among Venusian clouds are releasing the gas. Since then, several studies have challenged — although not entirely debunked — the report. They say some 100 ppb of SO2 could explain all of the JCMT phosphine signal—not unreasonable, given observations by the Venus Express orbiter that SO2 concentrations can spike to 1000 ppb.
Not much sci-fi involves Venus these days because it such a nasty place. Back before we knew about Venus, there were those possibilities.
I normally post IRA war tunes on St. Patrick’s Day, and for equal coverage, post videos of the Orange March as the Red Hand of Ulster is paraded down Shankhill Road in Belfast on July 12. The Orange walk marks and commemorates Prince William of Orange’s (King Billy) victory over King James II at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690.
Riot Scene from “In the Name of the Father”
I was there in those days. 1974-77 were lively times. And of course, I was younger then than I am today. My daughter and son-in-law (whose family is Boston Irish) attended a wedding there two years ago and brought back reports of how things changed from my time in Northern Ireland. It’s like two different worlds. And that’s a good thing – but not so lively.
Today they sell souvenirs at the “Free Derry” wall at the corner of Lecky Road and Fahan Street in the Bogside. The slogan was first painted in January 1969 the Royal Ulster Constabulary raided across the national border. The authority of the RUC ended at the border with Ireland. Back then the whole matter was serious business.
There are a lot of photos of Saracens (6 wheel armored cars) parked here and there, but in my time the Pigs (one-ton Humber armored cars – below) were far more prevalent.
I thought about going back on vacation, after all this time, and touring the area. I guess that there aren’t professional “friskers” that pat you down before you enter stores anymore.
Civil wars are always very messy.
Meanwhile, in the USA
Littoral Combat Ship Woes Continue
The littoral combat ship Sioux City is laid up after air was found in the ship’s lube oil, which could affect engine cooling and raise the risk of overheating, Naval Surface Force Atlantic officials confirmed this week.
The problem was discovered Jan. 12 during routine maintenance aboard the ship, which was commissioned less than three years ago in November 2018.
Initially, the repairs were only expected to take a few days, but officials now say they don’t have a timeline for when Sioux City will once again be good to go.
When the LCS designs were on the drawing board, there was a lot of crowing about how the SEALs could use them for SPECOPS. The Navy wanted to build small ships and casted about for missions. The SEALs wanted nothing to do with them because the ship is acoustically LOUD. I opined that they could be used as decoys. Sail a few of them around to get sunk while the SEALs made egress by other means. Those comments were deemed to be ‘unhelpful’. As it turns out, I was/am right. They were a waste of metal and national treasure. A number of them are being retired early because they’re junk. (which gives a bad name to Chinese junks)
In the photo (below), the Arleigh Burke class guided-missile destroyer USS Thomas Hudner (DDG 116), left, the Italian Navy Carlo Bergamini class frigate ITS Virginio Fasan (F 591), the Hellenic Navy Hydra class frigate HS Psara (F 494) and the Nimitz class aircraft carrier USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN 69), right, sail in formation, March 11, 2021.
There is no LCS in the photo. They would have a difficult time keeping up and at any speed at all, they need to UNREP almost daily to keep from running out of fuel.
It seems that fewer and fewer people watch progressively correct award shows anymore. Plague aside, the trash that Hollywood trots out is not worth watching. Low budget slasher films, woke homosexual themed films, etc. dominate Hollywood. Now, Hollywood is preparing everyone for lower than low ratings for the Academy Award Show.
I will not be watching the mean-spirited, partisan, egotistical show. I have no interest in being lectured by a bunch of low-talent, amoral, virtue signaling hacks – which is what the big show has become. I’m sure Jo/Ho will watch.
USMC Swap: Rotors for Drones
There is more here.
The first helicopters of a Hawaii-based CH-53E squadron were transported off the island as the unit prepares to divest itself of aircraft and decommission over the next year as part of the Marine Corps’ force redesign.
Two of the 10 CH-53E Super Stallions in Marine Heavy Helicopter Squadron 463 were transported off Hawaii by the U.S. Air Force 517th Airlift Squadron on March 4, according to Stars and Stripes.
I realize that there is a value to predator/reaper drones, but their value is in an air supremacy environment. If airspace is contested, the first casualty is the slow and high flying drones. I thought that the USMC wanted to fight the Chinese on the Pacific Islands. Do they imagine that the Chinese won’t bring aircraft?
The USMC may rue the day that they turned in their organic air support.
Michigan to host first Space Force Militia
(From the Duffle blog) You know, with DRJIM designing new and better missiles for the use of the Colorado and Arizona Space Force Militias, we could see this transformed from satire to reality. Would LSP be prepared to transform the Dallas Light Cavalry into a space force outfit? It could be a nationwide trend.
During World War II, Crete, the last Allied stronghold in Greece, was captured by German forces (Operation Mercury) at high cost to both sides.
In late 1940, the Greek army, reinforced by the British air force, decisively repulsed an Italian invasion of their nation. In April 1941, these triumphs turned to defeat when Nazi leader Adolf Hitler turned his undefeated German Wehrmacht against the country. The German army advanced so quickly in Greece that the British were forced to cancel plans to send reinforcements to the country.
On April 23, the Greek king and his government evacuated to Crete, an island south of the Greek mainland. For the next six days, the Germans bombarded the Allied ships streaming to Crete, killing some 15,000 Allied sailors and troops. By April 29, however, almost 50,000 British, Greek, Australian, and New Zealand troops had reached the safety of the heavily fortified island.
Three weeks later, the German invasion of Crete began, and more than 20,000 German parachute troops landed on the island within a few days. Under heavy resistance from the Allies, the Germans succeeded in gaining control of an airfield and were thus able to fly in a steady number of reinforcements.
On May 26, the Allies began to move to the southern coast of Crete, where an evacuation to British-controlled Egypt began. By June 1, the last of some 20,000 surviving Allied troops had escaped, and Crete fell to the Axis.
Operation Mercury was a pyrrhic victory for the Germans. They faced not only the Greek and British military, but nearly the entire civilian population. Had Yiannis Metaxas (Greece’s dictator) not confiscated most of the populace’s firearms, the invasion would have been a disaster for the Wehrmacht.
Old men with rusty shotguns and weapons from the previous century shot at descending German paratroopers. Shepherds used their staffs on soldiers whose parachutes got tangled up in olive trees to club them to death. Even old women came out from behind doors to slit German throats with butcher knives. The Cretans were a hard, fierce people.
Hitler never used paratroopers in large numbers after this assault. The Luftwaffe subsequently lost air supremacy, lost the transport aircraft that were needed for this sort of operation, and the Fallschirmjäger were brigaded with the Wehrmacht and fought as leg infantry for the balance of the war.
After the Snow Storm in Arizona
The Progressive Agenda is Expensive
Gasoline prices topped $3 a gallon last Sunday in nine states and the District of Columbia, part of a steady national rise since November that some analysts expect to hit the $4 mark soon. I see it heading to over $5, which will lead to spiraling inflation and much higher interest rates, which will slow the economy, emerging from the plague year. The poor are always damaged the worst by these “social welfare initiatives.”
Politics in Washington and around the globe can move gas and oil prices, but energy analysts say that’s not what is happening. They also warn that President Biden’s climate agenda likely will exacerbate the rise in fuel costs. Biden has signaled a massive tax increase to launch the Green New Deal. Congress is inclined to rubber-stamp anything.
Retail prices for gasoline and diesel have jumped nearly 30% since November, when the average was $2.20 a gallon. It’s the sharpest increase since the late 2000s, when motorists had to pay $4 per gallon on average to fill their tanks.
(above) HMS’s Terror and Erebus in the Ross Sea, 1841, by Captain John Edward Davis 1841
Davis was Second Master and Commander of Crozier’s Terror and a number of his drawings (the first ever of the Antarctic continent) were used by Ross to illustrate his A Voyage of Discovery and Research in the Southern and Antarctic Regions during the years 1839-43 published in two volumes in London in 1847.
James Clark Ross penetrated the pack-ice in January 1841 sailing into the clear water of the unknown Ross Sea and sighting snow-covered land on 11 January, thereby becoming the first to discover a sea route to the continent. McCormick on the Erebus saw and named an active volcano (Mt Erebus) and Ross was the first to see and chart the South Polar Barrier which he named Victoria Barrier and which was later named the Ross Ice Barrier. He made two further navigations of the Ross Sea and Weddell Sea before returning to England in 1843.
Wisconsin (from the e-mail box)
A blog reader e-mailed me and asked me why I didn’t post anything about Wisconsin. Here you go, mischief managed.
Ah, Back to Normal
In about six weeks, the US is getting back to normal. The price of gasoline is up $1.00, we’re bombing the Middle East, thousands have lost their jobs, borders are open, toy potatoes are offensive, Coca-Cola needs employees to be less white, tax payers are funding foreign abortions and donkeys are working hard to “legally” destroy the Bill of Rights. On the bright side, we have inherited a multi millionaire Prince and Princess who have had a rough time. They have been victimized everywhere they’ve gone.
Navigating a Cruel World
“Bone” is a character that Senator Cory Booker (D-N.J.) conjured up as his fake pal from the ’hood. The “Bone” would now and then materialize to prep the yuppie Booker on his street cred. He talked about Bone when he spoke to the inner city. Bone was the umbilical cord of authenticity with the underprivileged black community for Booker—the vegetarian, Rhodes scholar, Stanford- and Yale-educated, privileged child of two IBM executives. Having a fake friend, who you can quote, is very progressive.
Bone is a lot like Jussie (Juicy) Smollett’s alt-white bullies. They were hunting for nonwhite prey with bleach and a noose. Unfortunately, they picked on the wrong guy and met their match in the wee hours of the morning in Chicago’s subzero temperatures. The diminutive Smollett fought them both off—while still holding his sandwich and using his cell phone. Yeah, Juicy is that good. He has some moves on him.
Prince Harry and his wife Meghan Markle, Duchess of Sussex, are victims too. The royal couple’s new $15 million home is not far from Oprah’s $90 million estate. Recently in an interview, the two detailed all the racial slights they suffered from the apparently inveterate racist British royal family.
One royal supposedly even inquired about the possible skin tones of their soon-to-be-born, young son Archie. Such were the Torquemada inflicted pains that the hip young royals had to suffer from these Heart of Darkness imperial leftovers!
Oprah sympathized. She, too, had been a victim of systemic racism when a clueless Swiss clerk once declined to show the world’s most famous celebrity a locked away $38,000 crocodile purse. There may have been a concern that Oprah would steal it.
It was difficult to determine whether Oprah’s gripe hinged on the alleged race-based arrogance of the minimum wage clerk. Or, as Oprah put it, “Obviously ‘The Oprah Winfrey Show’ is not shown in Zurich.”
Biden’s Boondoggle Covid relief bill gave billions in aid to farmers, but only negro farmers. Of course.
It’s a cruel damned world.
…If you think they’re using that money all of that money from the US for gender studies (after the kickbacks to US politicians), you are part of the problem.
100 years ago, amidst a world of fire, blood, and slaughter, the Cossacks of the Don under the leadership of Pavel Kudinov rose up in rebellion against the Bolshevik regime in what is known as the Vyoshenskaya Uprising (charge of the Don Cossacks pictured below). The rebellion was to stand as testimony to how the Red Terror of the Bolsheviks could turn the populace against them.
For centuries the Cossacks had loyally lived under Russian rule. In spite of their near savage or barbarian status the Tsars had kept them loyal by allowing them to keep their own leaders, their own traditions, customs, music, language, and for some time even their own uniforms. Over the years they had built up their reputation as the hounds of the Russian Tsars with stories of their brutality and savagery striking fear in the hearts of their enemies long before ever meeting them on the field of battle. When all others had faltered the Tsars had always been able to count on the Cossacks to hold their ground and unleash their wrath upon any rebels or dissenters as they had in 1905. When Tsar Nicholas II had made the call to arms in 1914, the Cossacks had eagerly answered with alacrity, galloping to the front with a zeal for plunder in their hearts. The value placed upon the Cossacks was seen in 1916 when the Russian military was undergoing a mechanization wherein they had many cavalry units dismounted but chose to let the Cossacks keep their horses.
A contract of respect, privilege, and tradition had thus long existed between the Cossacks and their Tsarist masters. This was all thrown into the air with the Revolution of 1917. The newly empowered Bolsheviks had no intention of retaining the privileges of any social group. Their egalitarian agenda called for all subjects to get in line as ‘good Russian sheep’ and in 1918 the Bolsheviks had disbanded the Don Cossack Host on Russian soil. Rather unsurprisingly, the Cossacks did not respond well to this and, with a few exceptions, turned to the Whites.
By early 1919 the Russian Civil War was in full flow and in the south the Whites of the Don Army had suffered a serious setback on the Tsaritsyn Front as many of the people there had defected to the Reds, having grown tired no doubt of the ineptitude and indecisiveness of the Whites. As the Don Army of Ataman Pyotr Krasnov retreated south in defeat many of the Cossacks of the Upper Don simply went home in the hope of coming to a reasonable peace settlement with the Reds. The Bolsheviks however had no respect for the Cossacks and ordered not only that they hand up all their weapons under threat of immediate execution by the Commisars but that all their property be confiscated and any money which was not of the new Soviet currency be banned. As the Red Army marched south through the Cossack villages they looted and robbed as they pleased, stealing bread and horses at will. 300 Cossacks were shot by the Reds, adding fuel to spreading rumors of execution lists being distributed among the Chekists that had earmarked hundreds of Cossacks from almost every village for death.
Unwilling to tolerate such disrespect and humiliation, the entire district almost spontaneously erupted into open rebellion against the Bolsheviks with the Cossacks rallying around Pavel Nazarovich Kudinov and Kharlampii Yermakov – both of whom were to make appearances in Mikhail Sholokov’s civil war epic entitled “And Quiet Flows the Don.” The Reds were caught completely off guard by this. At a time when Kolchak’s armies were pressing them from the East, the Allies were attacking from the north and south, and the renegade German units and national independence movements were thwarting them in the West, it seemed as though they had pushed things too far and that they might actually lose the war. Fearing that a precedent might be set for other portions of the Russian people to rise up against them, they diverted 14,000 soldiers from the front to try and repress the Cossacks. Their efforts however could not extinguish the fury of the Cossacks and before long the Don Army, now regrouped under the command of Ataman Afrikan Petrovich Bogaewsky, took advantage of the situation and rode to the aid of their Cossack brethren. Within a couple of months the Cossack insurrectionists fighting side by side with the Don Army had pushed the Reds out and had regained control of Millerovo and Lugansk.
Though the rebellion was in this sense a success it was not enough to turn the tide of the war. The Whites were to remain as indecisive and uncoordinated as ever and within a few years the same Cossacks would be forced either to emigrate with the rest of the Whites and live in exile patiently hoping to some day return, or grimmer still, stay in the new Soviet Russia where they were subjected to decossackization (Raskazachivaniye) and to collectivization. More than half of all Cossacks were either killed or deported between 1917 and 1941, though they enjoyed a brief restoration of their glory days with the ban on their service in the army being lifted so that their fury could be unleashed upon the Wehrmacht. The Don Cossack Host was resurrected in the early years of the Russian Federation.
Today in History
Today in History – Henry II defeated Peter of Castile at the Battle of Montiel on March 15th, 1369.
A major civil war had broken out over succession in 1366 that lead to a feud between Henry of Trastamara and his half-brother Peter Of Castile. Initially, the English had supported Peter of Castile in his claim to rule Castile and Leon as the child of King Alfonso XI of Castile and his wife Maria of Portugal. The alliance proved to be useful during what is known as the “War of The Two Peters” from 1356 to 1366. It was in 1366 that Peter would be thrown into a civil war and fight against his half-brother that would end in his death. Henry was the bastard son of King Alfonso XI and his mistress Eleanor de Guzmán.
Henry II fatally stabbed his brother Peter on March 23rd, 1366. After the two men’s forces met at Montiel, Peter took refuge in the castle controlled by the Order of Santiago. It was while in seeking refuge in Montiel that Peter asked for the assistance of Bertrand Du Guesclin. The two men met several times because Guesclin was Henry’s envoy. Peter offered the envoy a ton of gold. They informed Guesclin he would receive about 200,000 gold coins and a ton of land if only he would betray Henry and join Peter’s cause. Bertrand Du Guesclin told Henry of the deal to secure a higher compensation for remaining loyal. They then misled Peter and told him that Guesclin would accept the deal which brought him to a tent one late evening where Henry was inside waiting to ambush his brother and officially securing his rule.
The historian López de Ayala described the encounter:
“Upon entering Du Guesclin’s tent, Henry saw King Peter. He did not recognize him because they had not seen each other for a long time. One of Bertrand’s men said ‘This is your enemy.’ But King Henry asked if it was he and … King Peter said twice, ‘I am he, I am he.’ Then King Henry recognized him and hit him in the face with a knife and they … fell to the ground. King Henry struck him again and again.”
Just in case you were wondering if the news could get any weirder under Democrat leadership, a former employee of a Panda Express in California is suing, claiming she was ordered to strip to her underwear and hug a partially-clad co-worker as part of a “training seminar.” Sounds like she was training to work for Andrew Cuomo, not Panda Express.
The California Department of Education is about to vote on a proposed new public school ethnic studies curriculum that will reportedly stress “decolonization” of American society, teach kids that the US is filled with racism, oppression and white supremacy, and replace the Christian God (white supremacy) with kids chanting to the Aztec god of human sacrifice.
A very old rock was discovered… more here
Riddle me This
Carl Called It
A Sci-Fi short, showing that lawyers have value…of course, it’s fiction. (haha)
Aerodynamically a bee’s body is not made to fly; the good thing is that the bee doesn’t know.
Just one in four voters (26%) say they believe the right person was declared the winner in the past two presidential elections. That means a full 74% disagree. All of them are racist–obviously.
Recent Scott Rasmussen poll findings show that twenty-six percent (26%) say they believe Hillary Clinton was the legitimate winner in 2016, while 31% say Donald Trump was the legitimate winner in 2020.
Seventy-seven percent (77%) of American voters polled say they think it’s important to reform voting laws and procedures before the 2020 election cycle.
Forty-six percent (46%) of those polled say early voting should be shorter than 15 days.
Seventy percent (70%) of all voters polled support requiring photo ID to vote, while 12% would support prohibiting the photo ID requirement.
Most voters (59%) agree that states should be required to remove people who have died or moved from the voter registration list. I have no idea what that number isn’t 100%, but it reflects how messed we are as a people and as a nation.
I have found that the only thing I have in common with liberals is that we both want to control my earnings.
This Month in History – the Turks were forced out of Baghdad
The echoes of the British campaigns in Mesopotamia both in WW1 and later – as late as 1928 and the British controlled Iraq Petroleum Company, were echoed in the Gulf War and later the Invasion of Iraq.
Less than two weeks after their victorious recapture of the strategically placed city of Kut-al-Amara on the Tigris River in Mesopotamia, British troops under the regional command of Sir Frederick Stanley Maude bore down on Baghdad, causing their Turkish opponents to begin a full-scale evacuation of the city on the evening of March 10, 1917.
Shortly after receiving control of regional operations in Mesopotamia in the summer of 1916, Maude began to reorganize and re-supply his troops in preparation for a renewed offensive. The central target of the operation would be the city of Kut, which had been captured by the Turks in April 1916 along with 10,000 British and Indian soldiers under the command of Sir Charles Townshend, a devastating defeat for Allied operations in the region. In January 1917, Maude’s 150,000 troops (primary leg infantry) set out from the regional command headquarters at Basra, located south of Kut near the junction of the Tigris with the Euphrates River, launching the offensive that would culminate in the recapture of Kut on February 24.
In the wake of their success at Kut, Maude’s forces paused briefly while waiting for confirmation from headquarters in London to continue their offensive. Operations were not renewed until March 5—a pause that gave Turkish commander in chief Khalil Pasha some time to consider his options for mounting a defense of Baghdad, the capital of the Ottoman Empire’s southern region. In the end, Pasha was indecisive—after first beginning preparations for an offensively minded forward assault on approaching Allied forces, he decided instead to fall back and concentrate his troops near Baghdad itself. He therefore stationed the Turkish Sixth Army some 35 miles to the south of the city, near the junction of the Tigris with the Diyala River.
In the absence of significant reserves, the Turks were vastly outnumbered, with only 9,500 soldiers facing 45,000 British and Indian troops. Maude’s troops reached the Diyala on March 8, mounting their first assault on the Turkish positions the next morning, which Pasha and his men successfully repelled. After struggling to cross the fast-moving Diyala, Maude decided to shift his troops and cross the river at a more northern point. Alerted to enemy movements by German reconnaissance aircraft, Pasha mirrored his movements, sending the bulk of his forces to meet the Allied soldiers.
British smoke and mirrors — He left a single regiment to hold the original defensive position at the Diyala, which was quickly and decisively crushed by British and Indian forces with a sudden attack on March 10. Stunned, Pasha ordered his troops to retreat. By the end of the day, the evacuation of Baghdad was underway.
After marching more than 100 miles in 15 days, Maude’s troops entered Baghdad on March 11 without a struggle, taking 9,000 prisoners from the retreating Ottoman army amid cheers from the city’s 140,000 occupants. The Allied victory in Baghdad marked only the beginning of the struggle over who would control the oil-rich region of Mesopotamia (the area between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, now Iraq and eastern Syria). The British government had earlier promised a number of Arab leaders that their people would receive their independence if they rebelled against Turkish rule; a subsequent uprising in June 1916 was led by Faisal Husein and partially engineered by the British, including Colonel T.E. Lawrence (later known as Lawrence of Arabia).
Iraq Petroleum Company, to be administered by the British
After World War I ended in November 1918, the Treaty of Versailles and the newly created League of Nations gave Britain a mandate to govern in Mesopotamia, and the British and French governments issued a joint declaration stating their intention to work towards establishing independent Arab governments in the former Ottoman states.
The Arabs in Mesopotamia began an armed uprising in 1920 against British occupation forces in Baghdad and other areas. After subduing the revolt at great expense—£40 million—the British government decided to give up its mandate, drawing up a provisional government for Iraq that included a council of Arab ministers under the supervision of a British high commissioner. In August 1921, Faisal Husein won 96 percent of the votes and was elected king of the new Iraqi nation. —But they kept control of the oil.