Take a Guess at the Year

Yes, I realize that it’s a painting but you should be able to get subject of the painting to within 75 years of the battle portrayed.


Second Amendment Sanctuary States

Will it work in Arizona, Colorado, Texas, or elsewhere?


Life Expectancy 

Want to know your life expectancy the year you were born? The year your parents were born?


Gaius is Rewarded

The papyrus pay sheet (below) tallied a legionnaire’s pay in the First Jewish-Roman War that ended in 73 AD. Archeologists found the scrap during excavation of 1,900-year-old Roman camp in Israel.  Gaius Messius received 50 denarri following the Siege of Masada. Deductions were taken out for barely money, food, leather straps and more.

Because part of the deductions taken were for fodder, food for livestock, experts believe he was a legionary cavalryman and had to feed his horse and mule.

A payslip made from a sheet of papyrus shows a Roman soldier was left penniless 1,900 years ago after the military took out fees for certain items. It shows Gaius Messius received 50 denarri, but fees for barley money, food and military equipment were taken out that totaled to the amount of his full pay

The pay slip was found where the Romans may have set up camp during the Siege of Masada and is dated for after the war – suggesting it was payment for participation.

It reads: ‘The fourth consulate of Imperator Vespasianus Augustus. Accounts, salary. Gaius Messius, son of Gaius, of the tribe Fabia, from Beirut.’

Gaius Messius acknowledges, “I received my stipendium of 50 denarii, out of which I have paid barley money 16 denarii. […]rnius: food expenses 20(?) denarii; boots 5 denarii; leather strappings 2 denarii; linen tunic 7 denarii.”

The document was made out to a Gaius Messius, who participated in the Siege of Masada that was one of the last battles during the First Jewish-Roman War

Masada is an ancient fortification in the Southern District of Israel situated on top of an isolated rock plateau (akin to a mesa) on the eastern edge of the Judaean Desert, overlooking the Dead Sea.

Herod the Great built palaces for himself on the mountain and fortified Masada between 37 and 31 BC.

The Siege of Masada by troops of the Roman Empire towards the end of the First Jewish–Roman War ended in the mass suicide of the 960 Jewish rebels and their families hiding there.

The Romans followed shortly after and surrounded Masada with about 8,000 soldiers at the base of the mountain.

When it became clear the Romans were going to take the fortress, the 960 Jews, excluding two women and five children, took their lives rather than become slaves of their enemy.

Masada is located 12 miles east of Arad and is Israel’s most popular paid tourist attraction. It was once an ancient fortification atop an isolated rock plateau, overlooking the Dead Sea. Herod the Great built the massive structure between 37 and 31 BCE

Josephus wrote down accounts of what he called, “The Jewish War,” including what he saw at the Siege of Masada: ‘They had died in the belief that they had left not a soul of them alive to fall into Roman hands; The Romans advanced to the assault … seeing none of the enemy but on all sides the awful solitude, and flames within and silence, they were at al loss to conjecture what had happened here encountering the mass of slain, instead of exulting as over enemies, they admired the nobility of their resolve.’

The rebels fled to the fortress, and thought it impregnable until the Romans built a ramp up to the fortification. Engineering was something that the Roman Army did not shy away from.

Masada had laid hidden from the world until it was rediscovered in 1828.


    • Yes, in that range.

      It all folded when the Supreme Court surrendered. The last bastion, the last resort, didn’t want to get involved.

  1. My guess would be the battle of Pavia in which the French had their heads handed to them in short order by the Habsburg conglomerate.

  2. Kansas is a 2nd Amendment sanctuary state, at least for the moment, though our current governor would love to change that.

  3. “Second Amendment Sanctuary States”

    MOST of Colorado is “red” and voted DJT so it could work. Although, as with everything under psychotic Dem control, could be yet another tough hill to take when they simply ignore you, that peon paying their salary. So color me a bit skeptical the crazy subversives don’t already have a game plan to thwart any attempt by the good people to maintain Constitutional affordances.

      • And 52 to date by the Poseur in Chief, but that’s how cheaters roll when they can’t get things done by honest procedures. EO’s are not law but far too many believe they are so, which I suggest is willful ignorance and blind allegiance to the wrong side of the chasm.

  4. “The fourth consulate of Imperator Vespasianus Augustus”
    Get 50 denarii, pay 50 denarii. That is as bad as a Biden stimulus check.

    Is that painting of a Spanish tercio? The flags are hard to make out, and there are no arquebusiers visible. Maybe a mercenary landsknecht unit? Hope the cavalry in the background better be friendly….

  5. 1525 (+/-75)

    Life expectancy in 1800 — for those who reached, say age, 20 — would be interesting to compare. IOW, I suspect all the numbers were dragged down by massive infant/early childhood mortality.

  6. i know more than a few that are willing to go masada if the sanctuary doesn’t hold. i think the dims will be offended by the gall of us commoners and make a point of enforcing their new powers, as they see them. they may be surprised at what they find outside their ivory towers. if they think jan.6 was an insurrection, wait til they get a load of Appalachia. sic semper tyrannis, yawl.

    • I had the time period down, but couldn’t decide whether German Landsknecht, Swiss Reisläufer, or Spanish tercio. Google says Landsknecht.

      • Landsknecht or Condottieri (Italian version of Landsknecht.) Due to the really overly puffed puff-n-slash clothing (where there are two layers, the underlayer is really poofy, the outer is tight with slashes in it so the under-layer poofs out the slash) and the hats.

        You see it in E. Taylor’s “Taming of the Shrew.”

  7. The Masada miniseries on ABC was actually pretty darned good. Good on the armor, the camps (both sides) and the reasons why things were the way they were.

    Forting up is good, unless you have no escape. Then it’s just plain siege warfare and the side with the best resources will eventually win. Eventually. The Jews had the water and the heights and good food stores. The Romans had the supply chain, the soldiers, and the will to defeat the Jews.

    Masada, one of those “Nobody really wins” battles.

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